军事医学科技人员应对方式与心理健康的关系
其他题名Relationship between coping behavior and mental health of military medical laboratory scientists and technicians
谭燕; 杨君; 张芳芳; 高文斌
2008
发表期刊中华医学杂志
通讯作者邮箱tanyanccl@yahoo.com.cn
卷号88期号:7页码:465 -467
产权排序1
摘要目的 了解军事医学科技人员应对方式与心理健康的关系.方法 应用横断面调查研究,对325名从事军事医学科技工作的不同职称人员应用焦虑、抑郁自评量表、应对方式量表进行测量,进行组间对比分析.结果 军事医学科技人员焦虑、抑郁分(30分±6分,37分±8分)低于全国常模(34分±6分,42分±11分)且差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01);副主任技师抑郁分(42分±7分)高于所有其他职称,焦虑分(32分±7分)高于研究员(28分±4分)且差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),求助分(2.8分±0.5分)除与副研究员(2.8分±0.5分)无差异外低于所有其他职称,自责分(1.9分±0.6分)高于助理研究员(1.0分±0.6分)(P<0.01)、研究员(1.6分±0.6分)(P<0.05)且差异均有统计学意义;相关与回归分析结果表明,积极应对方式与抑郁(r1=-0.519)、焦虑(r3=-0.348)相关,消极应对方式与抑郁(r2=0.314)、焦虑(r4=0.407)相关且差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 应对方式对军事医学科技人员心理健康有显著影响,提高求助、减少自责和幻想能够减轻医学科技人员焦虑和抑郁.
其他摘要Objective To study the relationship of coping behavior and mental health of military medical researchers and technicians.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted,using the selfrating anxiety scale(SAS),self-rating depression scale(SDS),and self-rating scale of coping behavior,among 325 military medical laboratory scientists and technicians with different professional titles.Results The anxiety and depression scores of the military medical researchers and technicians were 30±6 and 37±8respectively,both significantly lower than those of the national norm(34±6 and 42±11 respectively,both P<0.01).The depression score of the associate chief technicians was 42±7,significantly higher than those of the medical researchers and technicians with any other professional titles(all P<0.05),and the anxiety score of the associate chief technicians was 32±7.significantly higher than that of the research fellows(28±4,P<0.05).The seeking help score of the associate chief technicians was 2.8±0.5,not significantly different from that of the associate research fellows(2.8±0.5),but significantly lower than those of the military medical researchers and technicians with any other titles(all P<0.01).The self-blame score of the associate chief technicians was 1.9±0.6,significantly higher than that of the assistant research fellows (1.0±0.6,P<0.01)and that of the research fellows(1.6±0.6,P<0.05).Correlation and regression analysis showed that active coping behaviors were significantly positively correlated with depression(rl=-0.519)and anxiety(r3=-0.348);and negative coping behaviors were significantly negatively correlated with depression(r2=0.314)and anxiety(r4=0.407).Conclusion Coping behavior has significant influence on the medical researchers and technician.Increasing seeking help and decreasing self-blame and imagination help release the anxiety and depression among the medical researchers and technicians.
关键词焦虑 抑郁 应对方式 研究人员 技术人员
学科领域健康心理学
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收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金资助项目
资助项目国家自然科学基金资助项目(30300113)
CSCD记录号CSCD:3367497
引用统计
被引频次:1[CSCD]   [CSCD记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10011
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者高文斌
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
谭燕,杨君,张芳芳,等. 军事医学科技人员应对方式与心理健康的关系[J]. 中华医学杂志,2008,88(7):465 -467.
APA 谭燕,杨君,张芳芳,&高文斌.(2008).军事医学科技人员应对方式与心理健康的关系.中华医学杂志,88(7),465 -467.
MLA 谭燕,et al."军事医学科技人员应对方式与心理健康的关系".中华医学杂志 88.7(2008):465 -467.
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