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Contextualized self: When the self runs into social dilemmas
Chang‐Jiang Liu; Li S(李纾); Chang-Jiang Liu
2009
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailchjliu@synu.edu.cn
Volume44Issue:6Pages:451–458
Contribution Rank2
AbstractResearch on the construction of self and of others has indicated that the way that individuals construe themselves and others exerts an important influence on their cognition, emotion, and even behavior. The present study extends this line of research to mixed-motive situations in which short-term individual and long-term collective interests are at odds. In addition, this study associates the importance of context interdependence, and specifically its interaction with independent self-construal, with an individual’s cooperative behavior. We used a priming task to manipulate the level of self-construal and also manipulated the degree of interdependent context by giving participants a chance to assign rewards either to their group members or to themselves alone. The results showed that when participants received interdependent (as opposed to independent) self-construal priming, they consistently contributed highly, regardless of context manipulation. In contrast, those primed with an independent self-construal contributed less in the investment game, but only when placed in a context where group members were encouraged to think about their individual (versus mutual) fate. In this situation they contributed the least to the group in the game. These findings indicate that independent self-construal in a low interdependence context produces the most competitive behavior. The results also showed that how participants felt about their interaction with other group members mediated the effect of context interdependence on cooperative behavior, and possibly that was especially the case for independent self-construal. The results demonstrate that the self can be contextualized and embedded in the social contexts and symbolic systems within which people live.
KeywordSelf-construal Cooperative behavior Social dilemmas
Subject Area人格心理学
DOI10.1080/00207590902757377
Indexed BySCI
Language中文
Funding Organization‘‘Hundred Talents Program’’ of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Humanities and Social Science Project of the Ministry of Education, China .
Funding Project‘‘Hundred Talents Program’’ of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KSCX2-YW-R-130), and the Humanities and Social Science Project of the Ministry of Education, China (No. 06JCXLX003).
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Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10072
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding AuthorChang-Jiang Liu
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chang‐Jiang Liu,Li S,Chang-Jiang Liu. Contextualized self: When the self runs into social dilemmas[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2009,44(6):451–458.
APA Chang‐Jiang Liu,Li S,&Chang-Jiang Liu.(2009).Contextualized self: When the self runs into social dilemmas.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,44(6),451–458.
MLA Chang‐Jiang Liu,et al."Contextualized self: When the self runs into social dilemmas".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 44.6(2009):451–458.
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