What’s in a name? Brain activity reveals categorization processes differ across languages
Liu, Chao; Tardif, Twila; Mai, Xiaoqin; Gehring, William J.; Simms, Nina; Luo, Yue-Jia; Twila Tardif
2010
发表期刊HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING
通讯作者邮箱Twila@umich.edu
卷号31期号:11页码:1786-1801
产权排序3
其他摘要The linguistic relativity hypothesis proposes that speakers of different languages perceive and conceptualize the world differently, but do their brains reflect these differences? In English, most nouns do not provide linguistic clues to their categories, whereas most Mandarin Chinese nouns provide explicit category information, either morphologically (e g, the morpheme "vehicle" che1 (sic) in the noun "train" huo3che1 (sic)) or orthographically (e g, the radical "bug" chong2 (sic) in the character for the noun "butterfly" hu2dre2 (sic)). When asked to judge the membership of atypical (e g, train) vs typical (e.g., car) pictorial exemplars of a category (e g, vehicle), English speakers (N = 26) showed larger N300 and N400 event-related potential (ERP) component differences, whereas Mandarin speakers (N = 27) showed no such differences. Further investigation with Mandarin speakers only (N = 22) found that it was the morphologically transparent items that did not show a typicality effect, whereas orthographically transparent items elicited moderate N300 and N400 effects In a follow-up study with English speakers only (N = 25), morphologically transparent items also showed different patterns of N300 and N400 activation than nontransparent items even for English speakers Together, these results demonstrate that even for pictorial stimuli, how and whether category information is embedded in object names affects the extent to which typicality is used in category judgments, as shown in N300 and N400 responses.
关键词event-related potentials mandarin Chinese categorization typicality effect N300 N400 morphological and orthographical processing linguistic relativity hypothesis crosscultural
学科领域认知神经科学
DOI10.1002/hbm.20974
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收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者NSF:BCS-0350272; NIH:TW000035-07S1; Ministry of Education (PCSIRT): IRT0710; NSF China: 30930031; Center for Human Growth and Development
资助项目NSF:BCS-0350272; NIH:TW000035-07S1; Ministry of Education (PCSIRT): IRT0710; NSF China: 30930031; Center for Human Growth and Development
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10078
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
通讯作者Twila Tardif
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Liu, Chao,Tardif, Twila,Mai, Xiaoqin,等. What’s in a name? Brain activity reveals categorization processes differ across languages[J]. HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,2010,31(11):1786-1801.
APA Liu, Chao.,Tardif, Twila.,Mai, Xiaoqin.,Gehring, William J..,Simms, Nina.,...&Twila Tardif.(2010).What’s in a name? Brain activity reveals categorization processes differ across languages.HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,31(11),1786-1801.
MLA Liu, Chao,et al."What’s in a name? Brain activity reveals categorization processes differ across languages".HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING 31.11(2010):1786-1801.
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