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延长创伤环境暴露时间对条件性恐惧表达的影响
Alternative TitleEffect of prolonged traumatic context exposure on conditioned fear response
安献丽; 梁碌; 郑伦; 李幼虹; 王文忠; 郑希耕
2009
Source Publication中华行为医学与脑科学杂志
Correspondent Emailzhengxg@psych.ac.cn
Volume18Issue:9Pages:775-778
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的 明确延长创伤后创伤环境的暴露时间对单一线索条件性恐惧表达的影响.方法 灯光线索条件性恐惧训练后延长动物在训练环境中的停留时间.结果 创伤后延长环境暴露时间能够消除动物对环境的恐惧,使之不能自发恢复.并因此抑制了对单一线索的条件性恐惧反应,主要表现为在创伤环境中,延长暴露组动物对灯光线索的条件性恐惧反应低于非延长暴露组[恐惧水平分别为(19.531±6.073)%,(46.094±10.427)%],达到边缘显著水平(P=0.085),且这种恐惧下调可以持续至少35d[延长暴露组与非延长暴露组的恐惧水平分别为(21.094±4.897)%,(74.219±9.481)%,P<0.01].结论 延长创伤环境暴露时间改变了对创伤环境的"恐惧"表征,从而使创伤环境作为"安全场景设置者"降低了对单一线索条件性恐惧的表达,提示在创伤后延长创伤环境的停留时间,使受害者对环境的恐惧消失,可能有助于预防创伤后应激障碍的形成.
Other AbstractObjective To understand the effect of immediately prolonged context exposure on cued conditioning.Methods Prolonged or not prolonged traumatic context exposure(rats stayed 90 minutes or 2 minutes in train context after the last light-shock trial,that was 90 min group or 2 min group respectively)immediately after visual Pavlov fear conditioning train to extinct the fear response to traumatic context.Results Results showed that contextual fear memory was an important factor modulating cued conditioned fear response of rats.In traumatic context,the fear response to conditioned light of 90 min group was marginally significant low compared with 2 min group[freezing levels were(19.531±6.073)%,(46.094±10.427)%respectively,P=0.085],and the decrease of fear expression of 90 min group could last at least 35 days[freezing levels were(21.094±4.897)%,(74.219±9.481)%respectively for groups,P<0.01].Conclusion Immediately prolonged context exposure transfer the traumatic context as a"safe occasion setter",then decreased the fear response to discrete conditioned cues.This suggests that immediately prolong the traumatic environment exposure time might be a favorable way to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder.
Keyword环境暴露 环境条件性恐惧 单一线索条件性恐惧 场景设置 创伤后应激障碍
Subject Area创伤心理学
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2009.09.003
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金,中国科学院心理研究所科学发展基金.
Funding Project国家自然科学基金(30470578,30770722,30840001),中国科学院心理研究所科学发展基金(08CX093009)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10149
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author郑希耕
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
安献丽,梁碌,郑伦,等. 延长创伤环境暴露时间对条件性恐惧表达的影响[J]. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,2009,18(9):775-778.
APA 安献丽,梁碌,郑伦,李幼虹,王文忠,&郑希耕.(2009).延长创伤环境暴露时间对条件性恐惧表达的影响.中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,18(9),775-778.
MLA 安献丽,et al."延长创伤环境暴露时间对条件性恐惧表达的影响".中华行为医学与脑科学杂志 18.9(2009):775-778.
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