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The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study
Wang, Lin1; Verdonschot, Rinus G.2; Yang, Yufang1; Lin Wang
2016
发表期刊PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG
通讯作者邮箱wangl@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0340-0727
文章类型Article
卷号80期号:1页码:94-108
产权排序1
摘要Person names and common nouns differ in how they are stored in the mental lexicon. Using event-related potentials, this study compared the integration of names and nouns into sentence contexts. Both person names and common nouns were highly related in meaning and either congruent or incongruent within the previous contexts. Name incongruence elicited an N400 effect, suggesting that people were able to rapidly retrieve the semantic meaning of names from long-term memory even when this process was mediated by person identification. Conversely, participants showed a “good enough” processing of the nouns due to their low specificity level and, thus, rich semantic associations, leading to a P600 effect. These distinctive ERP effects provide clear evidence for the distinctive semantic representations of these word categories by showing that the activation of a name’s meaning is mediated by a single connection between identity-specific information and person identity, whereas multiple connections exist between nouns and their meanings.; Person names and common nouns differ in how they are stored in the mental lexicon. Using event-related potentials, this study compared the integration of names and nouns into sentence contexts. Both person names and common nouns were highly related in meaning and either congruent or incongruent within the previous contexts. Name incongruence elicited an N400 effect, suggesting that people were able to rapidly retrieve the semantic meaning of names from long-term memory even when this process was mediated by person identification. Conversely, participants showed a "good enough" processing of the nouns due to their low specificity level and, thus, rich semantic associations, leading to a P600 effect. These distinctive ERP effects provide clear evidence for the distinctive semantic representations of these word categories by showing that the activation of a name's meaning is mediated by a single connection between identity-specific information and person identity, whereas multiple connections exist between nouns and their meanings.
学科领域心理语言学
DOI10.1007/s00426-014-0645-6
URL查看原文
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y1CX312005) ; Scientific Research Foundation for Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry(112000H377) ; JSPS fellowship(P12315)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000368686100008
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]LEFT TEMPORAL POLE ; PROPER-NAMES ; LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; RECOGNITION ; RETRIEVAL ; ANOMALIES ; WORDS ; N400 ; UNIFICATION
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10185
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者Lin Wang
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Nagoya Univ, Grad Sch Languages & Cultures, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan
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GB/T 7714
Wang, Lin,Verdonschot, Rinus G.,Yang, Yufang,et al. The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,2016,80(1):94-108.
APA Wang, Lin,Verdonschot, Rinus G.,Yang, Yufang,&Lin Wang.(2016).The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study.PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,80(1),94-108.
MLA Wang, Lin,et al."The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study".PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG 80.1(2016):94-108.
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