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The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study
Wang, Lin1; Verdonschot, Rinus G.2; Yang, Yufang1; Lin Wang
2016
Source PublicationPSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG
Correspondent Emailwangl@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0340-0727
SubtypeArticle
Volume80Issue:1Pages:94-108
Contribution Rank1
AbstractPerson names and common nouns differ in how they are stored in the mental lexicon. Using event-related potentials, this study compared the integration of names and nouns into sentence contexts. Both person names and common nouns were highly related in meaning and either congruent or incongruent within the previous contexts. Name incongruence elicited an N400 effect, suggesting that people were able to rapidly retrieve the semantic meaning of names from long-term memory even when this process was mediated by person identification. Conversely, participants showed a “good enough” processing of the nouns due to their low specificity level and, thus, rich semantic associations, leading to a P600 effect. These distinctive ERP effects provide clear evidence for the distinctive semantic representations of these word categories by showing that the activation of a name’s meaning is mediated by a single connection between identity-specific information and person identity, whereas multiple connections exist between nouns and their meanings.; Person names and common nouns differ in how they are stored in the mental lexicon. Using event-related potentials, this study compared the integration of names and nouns into sentence contexts. Both person names and common nouns were highly related in meaning and either congruent or incongruent within the previous contexts. Name incongruence elicited an N400 effect, suggesting that people were able to rapidly retrieve the semantic meaning of names from long-term memory even when this process was mediated by person identification. Conversely, participants showed a "good enough" processing of the nouns due to their low specificity level and, thus, rich semantic associations, leading to a P600 effect. These distinctive ERP effects provide clear evidence for the distinctive semantic representations of these word categories by showing that the activation of a name's meaning is mediated by a single connection between identity-specific information and person identity, whereas multiple connections exist between nouns and their meanings.
Subject Area心理语言学
DOI10.1007/s00426-014-0645-6
URL查看原文
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationScientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y1CX312005) ; Scientific Research Foundation for Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry(112000H377) ; JSPS fellowship(P12315)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000368686100008
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordLEFT TEMPORAL POLE ; PROPER-NAMES ; LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; RECOGNITION ; RETRIEVAL ; ANOMALIES ; WORDS ; N400 ; UNIFICATION
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10185
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorLin Wang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Nagoya Univ, Grad Sch Languages & Cultures, Nagoya, Aichi 4648601, Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Lin,Verdonschot, Rinus G.,Yang, Yufang,et al. The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,2016,80(1):94-108.
APA Wang, Lin,Verdonschot, Rinus G.,Yang, Yufang,&Lin Wang.(2016).The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study.PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG,80(1),94-108.
MLA Wang, Lin,et al."The processing difference between person names and common nouns in sentence contexts: an ERP study".PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG 80.1(2016):94-108.
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