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The effect of implementation intention on prospective memory: A systematic and meta-analytic review
Chen, Xing-jie1,2; Wang, Ya1; Liu, Lu-lu1,2; Cui, Ji-fang3; Gan, Ming-yuan4; Shum, David H. K.5; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; Wang Y(王亚)
2015-03-01
Source PublicationPSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
Correspondent Emailwangyazsu@gmail.com
ISSN0165-1781
SubtypeReview
Volume226Issue:1Pages:14-22
Contribution Rank1
AbstractProspective memory (PM) refers to remembering to perform a planned action at a future time. Implementation intention is an encoding method in the form of “if situation Y is encountered, then I will initiate the goal-directed behavior X”. It has been applied to improve PM performances. The present study conducted a systematic and meta-analytic review on the effect and mechanism of implementation intention on PM. In the meta-analysis, 36 comparisons were included. The results showed that for healthy young adults, the overall effect of implementation intention in improving PM performances was significant with a medium effect size (d=0.445). The combined verbal and imagery form of implementation intention had a relatively larger effect size (d=0.590). For older adults, implementation intention had a medium to large effect size on their PM performances (d=0.680). As for the mechanism, implementation intention seemed to reduce ongoing task performances in young adults as reflected by longer reaction time (d=0.224) though the effect size was small. The present study supports the positive effect of implementation intention on PM. The mechanism and potential implications of this promising strategy especially for clinical/sub-clinical people are discussed.; Prospective memory (PM) refers to remembering to perform a planned action at a future time. Implementation intention is an encoding method in the form of "if situation Y is encountered, then I will initiate the goal-directed behavior X". It has been applied to improve PM performances. The present study conducted a systematic and meta-analytic review on the effect and mechanism of implementation intention on PM. In the meta-analysis, 36 comparisons were included. The results showed that for healthy young adults, the overall effect of implementation intention in improving PM performances was significant with a medium effect size (d=0.445). The combined verbal and imagery form of implementation intention had a relatively larger effect size (d=0.590). For older adults, implementation intention had a medium to large effect size on their PM performances (d=0.680). As for the mechanism, implementation intention seemed to reduce ongoing task performances in young adults as reflected by longer reaction time (d=0.224) though the effect size was small. The present study supports the positive effect of implementation intention on PM. The mechanism and potential implications of this promising strategy especially for clinical/sub-clinical people are discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordImplementation intention Prospective memory Meta-analysis Clinical samples
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2015.01.011
URL查看原文
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; National Science Foundation of China;
Funding ProjectKey Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the National Science Foundation of China (#30900403), Youth Innovation Promotion Association Funding of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y1CX131003), and the CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Programme for Creative Research Teams (Y2CX131003)
WOS IDWOS:000351969400002
Citation statistics
Cited Times:19[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10191
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang Y(王亚)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Natl Inst Educ Sci, Informat Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Huilongguan Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Griffith Univ, Griffith Hlth Inst, Behav Basis Hlth Program, Gold Coast, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Xing-jie,Wang, Ya,Liu, Lu-lu,et al. The effect of implementation intention on prospective memory: A systematic and meta-analytic review[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2015,226(1):14-22.
APA Chen, Xing-jie.,Wang, Ya.,Liu, Lu-lu.,Cui, Ji-fang.,Gan, Ming-yuan.,...&王亚.(2015).The effect of implementation intention on prospective memory: A systematic and meta-analytic review.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,226(1),14-22.
MLA Chen, Xing-jie,et al."The effect of implementation intention on prospective memory: A systematic and meta-analytic review".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 226.1(2015):14-22.
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