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Neural competition as a developmental process: Early hemispheric specialization for word processing delays specialization for face processing
Li, Su1; Lee, Kang2; Zhao, Jing1,3; Yang, Zhi1; He, Sheng4; Weng, Xuchu1,5; Li, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOLOGIA
ISSN0028-3932
Subtype期刊论文
Volume51Issue:5Pages:950-959
Contribution Rank1
AbstractLittle is known about the impact of learning to read on early neural development for word processing and its collateral effects on neural development in non-word domains. Here, we examined the effect of early exposure to reading on neural responses to both word and face processing in preschool children with the use of the Event Related Potential (ERP) methodology. We specifically linked children's reading experience (indexed by their sight vocabulary) to two major neural markers: the amplitude differences between the left and right N170 on the bilateral posterior scalp sites and the hemispheric spectrum power differences in the gamma band on the same scalp sites. The results showed that the left-lateralization of both the word N170 and the spectrum power in the gamma band were significantly positively related to vocabulary. In contrast, vocabulary and the word left-lateralization both had a strong negative direct effect on the face right-lateralization. Also, vocabulary negatively correlated with the right-lateralized face spectrum power in the gamma band even after the effects of age and the word spectrum power were partialled out. The present study provides direct evidence regarding the role of reading experience in the neural specialization of word and face processing above and beyond the effect of maturation. The present findings taken together suggest that the neural development of visual word processing competes with that of face processing before the process of neural specialization has been consolidated. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordNeural development Face processing Visual word processing ERP
Subject AreaCognitive Neuroscience
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [07CX112011] ; National Science Foundation of China [31271109, 31070905] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; National Institutes of Health [HD046526]
Project Intro.This work was supported by the Project for Young Scientists Fund, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (07CX112011); the National Science Foundation of China (31271109, 31070905); the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and National Institutes of Health (HD046526).
WOS IDWOS:000318669800019
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Cited Times:30[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10619
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Toronto, Dr Eric Jackman Inst Child Study, Toronto, ON, Canada
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
5.Hangzhou Normal Univ, Ctr Cognit & Brain Disorders, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Su,Lee, Kang,Zhao, Jing,et al. Neural competition as a developmental process: Early hemispheric specialization for word processing delays specialization for face processing[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA,2013,51(5):950-959.
APA Li, Su.,Lee, Kang.,Zhao, Jing.,Yang, Zhi.,He, Sheng.,...&Li, S .(2013).Neural competition as a developmental process: Early hemispheric specialization for word processing delays specialization for face processing.NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA,51(5),950-959.
MLA Li, Su,et al."Neural competition as a developmental process: Early hemispheric specialization for word processing delays specialization for face processing".NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 51.5(2013):950-959.
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