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Who Learns More? Cultural Differences in Implicit Sequence Learning
Fu, Qiufang; Dienes, Zoltan; Shang, Junchen; Fu, Xiaolan; Fu, QF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型期刊论文
卷号8期号:8
摘要Background: It is well documented that East Asians differ from Westerners in conscious perception and attention. However, few studies have explored cultural differences in unconscious processes such as implicit learning. Methodology/Principal Findings: The global-local Navon letters were adopted in the serial reaction time (SRT) task, during which Chinese and British participants were instructed to respond to global or local letters, to investigate whether culture influences what people acquire in implicit sequence learning. Our results showed that from the beginning British expressed a greater local bias in perception than Chinese, confirming a cultural difference in perception. Further, over extended exposure, the Chinese learned the target regularity better than the British when the targets were global, indicating a global advantage for Chinese in implicit learning. Moreover, Chinese participants acquired greater unconscious knowledge of an irrelevant regularity than British participants, indicating that the Chinese were more sensitive to contextual regularities than the British. Conclusions/Significance: The results suggest that cultural biases can profoundly influence both what people consciously perceive and unconsciously learn.
学科领域Cognitive Neuroscience,Psychological Anthropology
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收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Basic Research Program of China [2011CB302201] ; National Nature Science Foundation of China [30900395, 31270024]
项目简介This research was supported in part by the National Basic Research Program of China (2011CB302201) and the National Nature Science Foundation of China (30900395, 31270024). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS记录号WOS:000323109700110
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10633
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Fu, QF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位Fu, QF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
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GB/T 7714
Fu, Qiufang,Dienes, Zoltan,Shang, Junchen,et al. Who Learns More? Cultural Differences in Implicit Sequence Learning[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(8).
APA Fu, Qiufang,Dienes, Zoltan,Shang, Junchen,Fu, Xiaolan,&Fu, QF .(2013).Who Learns More? Cultural Differences in Implicit Sequence Learning.PLOS ONE,8(8).
MLA Fu, Qiufang,et al."Who Learns More? Cultural Differences in Implicit Sequence Learning".PLOS ONE 8.8(2013).
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