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Semantic processing impairment in individuals with schizotypal personality disorder features: A preliminary event-related potential study
Wang, Kui; Wang, Yi; Yan, Chao; Wang, Yu-na; Cheung, Eric F. C.; Chan, Raymond C. K.; Chan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
发表期刊PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY
ISSN0278-5846
文章类型期刊论文
卷号40页码:93-102
产权排序1
摘要Objective: This study aimed to examine semantic processing features in individuals with and without schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) features. Methods: An implicit semantic task was used to examine the automatic spreading semantic activation process which is relatively free from the influence of attention. An explicit semantic task was used to examine the controlled semantic processing which requires high involvement of attention. Individuals with stable SPD features (n = 17) were those who scored higher than 36 on the schizotypal personality questionnaire (SPQ) at two time points. Individuals with unstable SPD features (n = 15) were defined as participants who scored higher than 36 at the baseline time point but lower than 36 at the second time point Their performances in the two semantic tasks were then compared to 17 individuals without SPD features (scoring below 36 at both time points). Event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded when participants were performing the two tasks. Results: Behavioral data, early ERP components and N400s were analyzed in each experiment No between-group difference was observed in the implicit semantic task. In the explicit semantic task, the differences involved only the N400 component. When compared to the group without SPD features, participants with stable and unstable SPD features showed enhanced N400 effects (difference wave), while there was no difference between the two groups with SPD features. Moreover, the larger N400 effects were found to be due to less negative N400 amplitudes to related target words. Conclusion: These findings suggest that individuals with SPD features were impaired in processing of context-related stimuli. The inhibition function to contextually unrelated materials in participants with SPD features appeared intact. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词ERP Explicit Implicit N400 Schizotypal Semantic
学科领域Abnormal Psychology,Cognitive Psychology
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收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-J-8] ; National Key Technologies RD Program [2012BAI36B01] ; Outstanding National Young Investigator Award from the National Natural Science Foundation of China [81088001] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31200775] ; Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [Y1CX281005] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation [20100470594]
项目简介This study was supported partially by the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX2-EW-J-8), and a grant from the National Key Technologies R&D Program (2012BAI36B01), and an Outstanding National Young Investigator Award from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81088001) to R.C.K. Chan. This study was also supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31200775), the Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y1CX281005) and a fund from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (20100470594) to K. Wang.
WOS记录号WOS:000315422500012
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被引频次:5[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10647
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Chan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位Chan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
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GB/T 7714
Wang, Kui,Wang, Yi,Yan, Chao,et al. Semantic processing impairment in individuals with schizotypal personality disorder features: A preliminary event-related potential study[J]. PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY,2013,40:93-102.
APA Wang, Kui.,Wang, Yi.,Yan, Chao.,Wang, Yu-na.,Cheung, Eric F. C..,...&Chan, RCK .(2013).Semantic processing impairment in individuals with schizotypal personality disorder features: A preliminary event-related potential study.PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY,40,93-102.
MLA Wang, Kui,et al."Semantic processing impairment in individuals with schizotypal personality disorder features: A preliminary event-related potential study".PROGRESS IN NEURO-PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY 40(2013):93-102.
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