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Orthographic influences on division of labor in learning to read Chinese and English: Insights from computational modeling
Yang, Jianfeng1; Shu, Hua2; McCandliss, Bruce D.3; Zevin, Jason D.4; Zevin, JD (reprint author), Weill Cornell Med Coll, Sackler Inst Dev Psychobiol, Box 140, New York, NY 10021 USA.
2013
发表期刊BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION
ISSN0001-8244
文章类型期刊论文
卷号16期号:2页码:354-366
产权排序1
摘要Learning to read in any language requires learning to map among print, sound and meaning. Writing systems differ in a number of factors that influence both the ease and the rate with which reading skill can be acquired, as well as the eventual division of labor between phonological and semantic processes. Further, developmental reading disability manifests differently across writing systems, and may be related to different deficits in constitutive processes. Here we simulate some aspects of reading acquisition in Chinese and English using the same model for both writing systems. The contribution of semantic and phonological processing to literacy acquisition in the two languages is simulated, including specific effects of phonological and semantic deficits. Further, we demonstrate that similar patterns of performance are observed when the same model is trained on both Chinese and English as an "early bilingual". The results are consistent with the view that reading skill is acquired by the application of statistical learning rules to mappings among print, sound and meaning, and that differences in the typical and disordered acquisition of reading skill between writing systems are driven by differences in the statistical patterns of the writing systems themselves, rather than differences in cognitive architecture of the learner.
关键词computational modeling reading dyslexia
学科领域Cognitive Psychology
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000316064900008
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被引频次:25[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10672
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Zevin, JD (reprint author), Weill Cornell Med Coll, Sackler Inst Dev Psychobiol, Box 140, New York, NY 10021 USA.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Vanderbilt Univ, Peabody Coll Educ & Human Dev, Dept Psychol, Nashville, TN 37240 USA
4.Weill Cornell Med Coll, Sackler Inst Dev Psychobiol, New York, NY 10021 USA
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Yang, Jianfeng,Shu, Hua,McCandliss, Bruce D.,et al. Orthographic influences on division of labor in learning to read Chinese and English: Insights from computational modeling[J]. BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION,2013,16(2):354-366.
APA Yang, Jianfeng,Shu, Hua,McCandliss, Bruce D.,Zevin, Jason D.,&Zevin, JD .(2013).Orthographic influences on division of labor in learning to read Chinese and English: Insights from computational modeling.BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION,16(2),354-366.
MLA Yang, Jianfeng,et al."Orthographic influences on division of labor in learning to read Chinese and English: Insights from computational modeling".BILINGUALISM-LANGUAGE AND COGNITION 16.2(2013):354-366.
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