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Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Strategies in China: Cultural Expressions of a Fundamental Human Motive
Hepper, Erica G.; Sedikides, Constantine; Cai, Huajian; Cai, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0221
Subtype期刊论文
Volume44Issue:1Pages:5-23
Contribution Rank1
AbstractThe motive to enhance and protect positive views of the self manifests in a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies, but its universality versus cultural specificity is debated by scholars. We sought to inform this debate by soliciting self-reports of the four principal types of self-enhancement and self-protection strategy (positivity embracement, favorable construals, self-affirming reflections, defensiveness) from a Chinese sample and comparing their structure, levels, and correlates to a Western sample. The Chinese data fit the same factor structure and were subject to the same individual differences in regulatory focus, self-esteem, and narcissism, as the Western data. Chinese participants reported lower levels of (enhancement-oriented) positivity embracement but higher levels of (protection-oriented) defensiveness than Western participants. Levels of favorable construals were also higher in the Chinese sample, with no differences in self-affirming reflections. These findings support and extend the universalist perspective on the self by demonstrating the cross-cultural structure, yet culturally sensitive manifestation, of self-enhancement motivation.
Keywordself-enhancement self-protection culture self-esteem narcissism
Subject AreaPersonality Psychology,Cultural Psychology
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000312008000001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:28[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10677
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorCai, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
AffiliationCai, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hepper, Erica G.,Sedikides, Constantine,Cai, Huajian,et al. Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Strategies in China: Cultural Expressions of a Fundamental Human Motive[J]. JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY,2013,44(1):5-23.
APA Hepper, Erica G.,Sedikides, Constantine,Cai, Huajian,&Cai, HJ .(2013).Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Strategies in China: Cultural Expressions of a Fundamental Human Motive.JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY,44(1),5-23.
MLA Hepper, Erica G.,et al."Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Strategies in China: Cultural Expressions of a Fundamental Human Motive".JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY 44.1(2013):5-23.
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