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Overweight People Have Low Levels of Implicit Weight Bias, but Overweight Nations Have High Levels of Implicit Weight Bias
Marini, Maddalena1,2; Sriram, Natarajan1; Schnabel, Konrad3; Maliszewski, Norbert4; Devos, Thierry5; Ekehammar, Bo6; Wiers, Reinout7; Cai HuaJian8; Somogyi, Monika9; Shiomura, Kimihiro10; Schnall, Simone11; Neto, Felix12; Bar-Anan, Yoav13; Vianello, Michelangelo14; Ayala, Alfonso15; Dorantes, Gabriel16; Park, Jaihyun17; Kesebir, Selin18; Pereira, Antonio19; Tulbure, Bogdan20; Ortner, Tuulia; Stepanikova, Irena21,22; Greenwald, Anthony G.23; Nosekl, Brian A.1; Marini, M (reprint author), Univ Virginia, Dept Psychol, Gilmer Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA.
2013
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Subtype期刊论文
Volume8Issue:12
Contribution Rank8
AbstractAlthough a greater degree of personal obesity is associated with weaker negativity toward overweight people on both explicit (i.e., self-report) and implicit (i.e., indirect behavioral) measures, overweight people still prefer thin people on average. We investigated whether the national and cultural context - particularly the national prevalence of obesity predicts attitudes toward overweight people independent of personal identity and weight status. Data were collected from a total sample of 338,121 citizens from 71 nations in 22 different languages on the Project Implicit website (https://implicit.harvard.edu/) between May 2006 and October 2010. We investigated the relationship of the explicit and implicit weight bias with the obesity both at the individual (i.e., across individuals) and national (i.e., across nations) level. Explicit weight bias was assessed with self-reported preference between overweight and thin people; implicit weight bias was measured with the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The national estimates of explicit and implicit weight bias were obtained by averaging the individual scores for each nation. Obesity at the individual level was defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) scores, whereas obesity at the national level was defined as three national weight indicators (national BMI, national percentage of overweight and underweight people) obtained from publicly available databases. Across individuals, greater degree of obesity was associated with weaker implicit negativity toward overweight people compared to thin people. Across nations, in contrast, a greater degree of national obesity was associated with stronger implicit negativity toward overweight people compared to thin people. This result indicates a different relationship between obesity and implicit weight bias at the individual and national levels.
Subject AreaSocial Psychology
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationProject Implicit, Inc ; University of Warsaw, Poland [BST164635]
Project Intro.This project was supported by Project Implicit, Inc (http://projectimplicit.net/), a non-profit organization that includes in its mission "To develop and deliver methods for investigating and applying phenomena of implicit social cognition, including especially phenomena of implicit bias based on age, race, gender or other factors." The Polish sample was financed from a grant from the University of Warsaw, Poland (BST164635). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000328737700060
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordANTI-FAT BIAS ; ASSOCIATION TEST ; HEALTH-PROFESSIONALS ; BODY-WEIGHT ; OBESITY ; STIGMA ; ATTITUDES ; VALIDITY ; DISCRIMINATION ; STEREOTYPES
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10740
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorMarini, M (reprint author), Univ Virginia, Dept Psychol, Gilmer Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA.
Affiliation1.Univ Virginia, Dept Psychol, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA
2.Univ Modena & Reggio Emilia, Dept Commun & Econ, Reggio Emilia, Italy
3.Univ Potsdam, Dept Psychol, Potsdam, Germany
4.Warsaw Univ, Dept Psychol, Warsaw, Poland
5.San Diego State Univ, Dept Psychol, San Diego, CA 92182 USA
6.Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
7.Univ Amsterdam, Dept Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
9.Eotvos Lorand Univ, Dept Psychol, Budapest, Hungary
10.Ferris Univ, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
11.Univ Cambridge, Dept Psychol, Cambridge, England
12.Univ Porto, Fac Psicol & Ciencias Educ, P-4100 Oporto, Portugal
13.Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Dept Psychol, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel
14.Univ Padua, Dept Appl Psychol, Padua, Italy
15.Inst Electoral Veracruzano, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
16.Univ Autonoma Estado Morelos, Fac Psicol, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
17.CUNY, Baruch Coll, Dept Psychol, New York, NY 10021 USA
18.London Business Sch, London NW1 4SA, England
19.Univ Rio Grande Do Norte, Brain Inst Fed, Natal, RN, Brazil
20.Transilvania Univ Brasov, Dept Psychol, Brasov, Romania
21.Salzburg Univ, Dept Psychol, Div Psychol Assessment, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria
22.Univ S Carolina, Sloan Coll, Columbia, SC 29208 USA
23.Univ Washington, Dept Psychol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Marini, Maddalena,Sriram, Natarajan,Schnabel, Konrad,et al. Overweight People Have Low Levels of Implicit Weight Bias, but Overweight Nations Have High Levels of Implicit Weight Bias[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(12).
APA Marini, Maddalena.,Sriram, Natarajan.,Schnabel, Konrad.,Maliszewski, Norbert.,Devos, Thierry.,...&Marini, M .(2013).Overweight People Have Low Levels of Implicit Weight Bias, but Overweight Nations Have High Levels of Implicit Weight Bias.PLOS ONE,8(12).
MLA Marini, Maddalena,et al."Overweight People Have Low Levels of Implicit Weight Bias, but Overweight Nations Have High Levels of Implicit Weight Bias".PLOS ONE 8.12(2013).
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