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When uncertainty meets life: The effect of animacy on probability expression
Du, Xue-Lei; Liu, Shi-Hong; Xu, Jie-Hong; Rao, Li-Lin; Jiang, Cheng-Ming; Li, Shu; Li, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
Source PublicationJUDGMENT AND DECISION MAKING
ISSN1930-2975
Subtype期刊论文
Volume8Issue:4Pages:425-438
Contribution Rank1
AbstractEveryone faces uncertainty on a daily basis. Two kinds of probability expressions, verbal and numerical, have been used to characterize the uncertainty that we face. Because our cognitive concept of living things differs from that of non-living things, and distinguishing cognitive concepts might have linguistic markers, we designed four studies to test whether people use different probability expressions when faced with animate or inanimate uncertainty. We found that verbal probability is the preferred way to express animate uncertainty, whereas numerical probability is the preferred way to express inanimate uncertainty. The "verbal-animate" and "numerical-inanimate" associations were robust enough to persist when tested with forced-choice response patterns regardless of the information (e.g., equally likely outcomes, frequencies, or personal beliefs) used to construct probabilities of events. When the response pattern was changed to free-responses, the associations were evident unless the subjects were asked to write their own probability predictions for vague uncertainty. Given that the world around us consists of both animate (i.e., living) and inanimate (i.e., non-living) things, "verbal-animate" and "numerical-inanimate" associations may play a major role in risk communication and may otherwise be useful for practitioners and consultants.
Keywordverbal probability numerical probability the animate-inanimate distinction animacy feature
Subject AreaSocial Psychology
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000322988500003
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordPREFERENCE PARADOX ; RESPONSE-MODE ; TERMS ; DECISIONS ; SEVERITY ; MEANINGS ; SPEAKERS ; CHINESE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10781
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
AffiliationLi, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du, Xue-Lei,Liu, Shi-Hong,Xu, Jie-Hong,et al. When uncertainty meets life: The effect of animacy on probability expression[J]. JUDGMENT AND DECISION MAKING,2013,8(4):425-438.
APA Du, Xue-Lei.,Liu, Shi-Hong.,Xu, Jie-Hong.,Rao, Li-Lin.,Jiang, Cheng-Ming.,...&Li, S .(2013).When uncertainty meets life: The effect of animacy on probability expression.JUDGMENT AND DECISION MAKING,8(4),425-438.
MLA Du, Xue-Lei,et al."When uncertainty meets life: The effect of animacy on probability expression".JUDGMENT AND DECISION MAKING 8.4(2013):425-438.
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