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Negative Affect Reduces Performance in Implicit Sequence Learning
Shang, Junchen1; Fu, Qiufang1; Dienes, Zoltan3,4; Shao, Can2; Fu, Xiaolan1; Fu, QF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型期刊论文
卷号8期号:1
产权排序1
摘要Background: It is well documented that positive rather than negative moods encourage integrative processing of conscious information. However, the extent to which implicit or unconscious learning can be influenced by affective states remains unclear. Methodology/Principal Findings: A Serial Reaction Time (SRT) task with sequence structures requiring integration over past trials was adopted to examine the effect of affective states on implicit learning. Music was used to induce and maintain positive and negative affective states. The present study showed that participants in negative rather than positive states learned less of the regularity. Moreover, the knowledge was shown by a Bayesian analysis to be largely unconscious as participants were poor at recognizing the regularity. Conclusions/Significance: The results demonstrated that negative rather than positive affect inhibited implicit learning of complex structures. Our findings help to understand the effects of affective states on unconscious or implicit processing.
学科领域Cognitive Psychology
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收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology [2011CB302201] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [30900395, 31270024]
项目简介This research was supported in part by grants from 973 Program of Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (2011CB302201), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30900395, 31270024). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. No additional external funding received for this study.
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000314019100091
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]UNCONSCIOUS KNOWLEDGE ; POSITIVE EMOTIONS ; AFFECTIVE STATES ; ATTENTION ; AWARENESS ; JUDGMENT ; MEMORY ; MOOD ; COGNITION ; ACCURACY
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10802
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Fu, QF (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sussex, Sackler Ctr Consciousness Sci, Brighton, E Sussex, England
4.Univ Sussex, Sch Psychol, Brighton, E Sussex, England
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GB/T 7714
Shang, Junchen,Fu, Qiufang,Dienes, Zoltan,et al. Negative Affect Reduces Performance in Implicit Sequence Learning[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(1).
APA Shang, Junchen,Fu, Qiufang,Dienes, Zoltan,Shao, Can,Fu, Xiaolan,&Fu, QF .(2013).Negative Affect Reduces Performance in Implicit Sequence Learning.PLOS ONE,8(1).
MLA Shang, Junchen,et al."Negative Affect Reduces Performance in Implicit Sequence Learning".PLOS ONE 8.1(2013).
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