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Is consciousness necessary for conflict detection and conflict resolution?
Xiang, Ling1,2; Wang, Baoxi3; Zhang, Qinglin4; Zhang, QL (reprint author), Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China.
2013
Source PublicationBEHAVIOURAL BRAIN RESEARCH
ISSN0166-4328
Subtype期刊论文
Volume247Issue:1Pages:110-116
Contribution Rank3
AbstractIs conflict control dependent on consciousness? To answer this question, we used high temporal resolution event-related potentials (ERPs) to separate conflict detection from conflict resolution in a masked prime Stroop task. Although behavioral interference effect was present in both the masked and unmasked conditions, the electrophysiological findings revealed more complex patterns. ERP analyses showed that N450 was greater for incongruent trials than for congruent trials and that it was located in the ACC and nearby motor cortex, regardless of whether the primes were masked or unmasked; however, the effects were smaller for the masked than unmasked condition. These results suggest that consciousness of conflict information may not be necessary for detecting conflict, but that it may modulate conflict detection. The analysis of slow potential (SP) amplitude showed that it distinguished incongruent trials from congruent trials, and that this modulation effects was reduced to a greater extent for the masked condition than for the unmasked condition. Moreover, the prefrontal-parietal control network was activated under the unmasked but not under the masked condition. These results suggest that the consciousness of conflict information may be a necessary boundary condition for the subsequent initiation of control operations in the more extended PFC-parietal control network. However, considering that the conflict interference effect was significantly reduced in the masked condition, it may be that, with larger unconscious conflict effects, more extensive cognitive control networks would have been activated. These findings have important implications for theories on the relationship between consciousness and cognitive control. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordConflict detection Conflict resolution Consciousness ERPs
Subject AreaSocial Psychology
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [31100743, 30970892]
Project Intro.The authors would like to thank an anonymous reviewer for the insightful comments and suggestions, some of which have been directly incorporated into this article. This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31100743, 30970892).
WOS Research AreaBehavioral Sciences ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectBehavioral Sciences ; Neurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000319710500014
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX ; MEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX ; COGNITIVE CONTROL ; STROOP TASK ; ACTION SELECTION ; INTERFERENCE ; DISSOCIATION ; ACTIVATION ; DYNAMICS ; UPDATE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10821
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, QL (reprint author), Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Northwest Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Lanzhou 730070, Peoples R China
2.Northwest Normal Univ, Lab Brain Self & Soc, Lanzhou 730070, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiang, Ling,Wang, Baoxi,Zhang, Qinglin,et al. Is consciousness necessary for conflict detection and conflict resolution?[J]. BEHAVIOURAL BRAIN RESEARCH,2013,247(1):110-116.
APA Xiang, Ling,Wang, Baoxi,Zhang, Qinglin,&Zhang, QL .(2013).Is consciousness necessary for conflict detection and conflict resolution?.BEHAVIOURAL BRAIN RESEARCH,247(1),110-116.
MLA Xiang, Ling,et al."Is consciousness necessary for conflict detection and conflict resolution?".BEHAVIOURAL BRAIN RESEARCH 247.1(2013):110-116.
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