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Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games
Zhu, Liqi1; Gigerenzer, Gerd2; Gang Huangfu3; Zhu, LQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Subtype期刊论文
Volume8Issue:8
Contribution Rank1
AbstractCan traces of rapid socio-economic changes within a society be reflected in experimental games? The post-Mao reforms in China provide a unique natural quasi-experiment to study people from the same society who were raised with radically different values about distribution of wealth and altruistic behavior. We tested whether the size of offers in the ultimatum and dictator games are an increasing function of the number of years Chinese citizens experienced of the Mao era ("planned economy"). For the cohort that lived throughout the entire Mao era, we found that mean offers in the two games were substantially higher than what is typically offered in laboratory studies. These offers were also higher than those of two younger Chinese cohorts. In general, the amount offered decreased with less time spent under Mao, while in the oldest group in which every member spent the same amount of time under Mao, the younger members tended to offer more, suggesting an additional effect of early education under Mao and contradicting the alternative hypothesis that generosity increases with age. These results suggest that some of the observed individual differences in the offers made in experimental games can be traced back to the values of the socio-economic era in which individuals grew up.
Subject AreaSocial Psychology
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationMinistry of Science and Technology of China [2010CB8339004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [30970911]
Project Intro.The study was supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2010CB8339004) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (30970911). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000323221500028
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordSMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES ; BEHAVIORAL-EXPERIMENTS ; CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES
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Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10845
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhu, LQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Max Planck Inst Human Dev, Berlin, Germany
3.Beihang Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Liqi,Gigerenzer, Gerd,Gang Huangfu,et al. Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(8).
APA Zhu, Liqi,Gigerenzer, Gerd,Gang Huangfu,&Zhu, LQ .(2013).Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games.PLOS ONE,8(8).
MLA Zhu, Liqi,et al."Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games".PLOS ONE 8.8(2013).
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