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Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games
Zhu, Liqi1; Gigerenzer, Gerd2; Gang Huangfu3; Zhu, LQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2013
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型期刊论文
卷号8期号:8
产权排序1
摘要Can traces of rapid socio-economic changes within a society be reflected in experimental games? The post-Mao reforms in China provide a unique natural quasi-experiment to study people from the same society who were raised with radically different values about distribution of wealth and altruistic behavior. We tested whether the size of offers in the ultimatum and dictator games are an increasing function of the number of years Chinese citizens experienced of the Mao era ("planned economy"). For the cohort that lived throughout the entire Mao era, we found that mean offers in the two games were substantially higher than what is typically offered in laboratory studies. These offers were also higher than those of two younger Chinese cohorts. In general, the amount offered decreased with less time spent under Mao, while in the oldest group in which every member spent the same amount of time under Mao, the younger members tended to offer more, suggesting an additional effect of early education under Mao and contradicting the alternative hypothesis that generosity increases with age. These results suggest that some of the observed individual differences in the offers made in experimental games can be traced back to the values of the socio-economic era in which individuals grew up.
学科领域Social Psychology
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收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者Ministry of Science and Technology of China [2010CB8339004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [30970911]
项目简介The study was supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2010CB8339004) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (30970911). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000323221500028
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]SMALL-SCALE SOCIETIES ; BEHAVIORAL-EXPERIMENTS ; CULTURAL-DIFFERENCES
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10845
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Zhu, LQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Max Planck Inst Human Dev, Berlin, Germany
3.Beihang Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Zhu, Liqi,Gigerenzer, Gerd,Gang Huangfu,et al. Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games[J]. PLOS ONE,2013,8(8).
APA Zhu, Liqi,Gigerenzer, Gerd,Gang Huangfu,&Zhu, LQ .(2013).Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games.PLOS ONE,8(8).
MLA Zhu, Liqi,et al."Psychological Traces of China's Socio-Economic Reforms in the Ultimatum and Dictator Games".PLOS ONE 8.8(2013).
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