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A test of "reason-based" and "reluctance-to-think" accounts of the disjunction effect
Li, Shu2; Jiang, Cheng-Ming2,3; Dunn, John C.4; Wang, Zuo-Jun1,2; Wang, ZJ (reprint author), Ningbo Univ, Coll Teacher Educ, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.
2012-02-01
发表期刊INFORMATION SCIENCES
ISSN0020-0255
文章类型Article
卷号184期号:1页码:166-175
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摘要The disjunction effect violates Savage's sure-thing principle: that is, if a is preferred over b regardless of whether relevant outcome x occurs, then a should always be preferred over b [L.]. Savage, The Foundations of Statistics, New York, Wiley, 1954]. We tested "reason-based" and "reluctance-to-think" accounts of the disjunction effect. According to the former account, the disjunction effect occurs when different reasons underlie the preference for a under x versus the preference for a under not x. According to the latter account, the disjunction effect is due to the failure to consider preferences when x is unknown. We tested these accounts by varying the number of reasons underlying choices in the x and not x conditions. Consistent with the reason-based account, when only one reason was available, the disjunction effect was reduced. In addition, we propose a new method of measuring the disjunction effect under different conditions based on the logic proposed by Lambdin and Burdsal (2007) [C. Lambdin, C. Burdsal, The disjunction effect reexamined: relevant methodological issues and the fallacy of unspecified percentage comparisons, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 103 (2007) 268-276]. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词Disjunction effect Sure-thing principle "Reason-based" account "Reluctance-to-think" account
学科领域Social Psychology
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收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) [2011CB711000] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-YW-R-130, 2010T1S15] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [70632003, 70871110]
项目简介The National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, No. 2011CB711000), the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KSCX2-YW-R-130), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 70632003; 70871110), and the Chinese Academy of Sciences Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists (No. 2010T1S15) supported this paper. The authors thank LIM Hui Yuen Debby, NG Eng Lee and TAN Noeline at Nanyang Technological University, Ming-Rong Ge at Yantai Normal University, and Hong-Yue Sun, Xue-Lei Du, Hui Tang, Kun Zhou, Chang-Jiang Liu, Li-Ping Gao and Wei Shi at the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences for their help in data collection. The authors also thank the three anonymous referees of this journal for their helpful comments on our initial manuscript. This paper also benefited from discussions with Yan-Mei Li, Zhe Liang, Yao Yu and Yan-Ling Bi.
WOS记录号WOS:000297403400010
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被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10856
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
通讯作者Wang, ZJ (reprint author), Ningbo Univ, Coll Teacher Educ, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Ningbo Univ, Coll Teacher Educ, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
4.Univ Adelaide, Sch Psychol, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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Li, Shu,Jiang, Cheng-Ming,Dunn, John C.,et al. A test of "reason-based" and "reluctance-to-think" accounts of the disjunction effect[J]. INFORMATION SCIENCES,2012,184(1):166-175.
APA Li, Shu,Jiang, Cheng-Ming,Dunn, John C.,Wang, Zuo-Jun,&Wang, ZJ .(2012).A test of "reason-based" and "reluctance-to-think" accounts of the disjunction effect.INFORMATION SCIENCES,184(1),166-175.
MLA Li, Shu,et al."A test of "reason-based" and "reluctance-to-think" accounts of the disjunction effect".INFORMATION SCIENCES 184.1(2012):166-175.
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