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Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'
Tardif, Twila1; Gelman, Susan A.; Fu, Xiaolan2; Zhu, Liqi2; Tardif, T (reprint author), Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, 530 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
2012
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE
ISSN0305-0009
SubtypeArticle
Volume39Issue:1Pages:130-161
Contribution Rank1
AbstractEnglish-speaking children understand and produce generic expressions in the preschool years, but there are cross-linguistic differences in how generics are expressed. Three studies examined interpretation of generic noun phrases in three-to seven-year-old child (N=192) and adult speakers (N=163) of Mandarin Chinese. Contrary to suggestions by Bloom (1981), Chinese-speaking adults honor a clear distinction between generics (expressed as bare NPs) and other quantified expressions ('all'/suo3you3 and 'some'/you3de). Furthermore, Mandarin-speaking children begin to distinguish generics from 'all' or 'some' as early as five years, as shown in both confirmation (Study 2) and property-generation (Study 3) tasks. Nonetheless, the developmental trajectory for Chinese appears prolonged relative to English and this seems to reflect difficulty with 'all' and 'some' rather than difficulty with generics. Altogether these results suggest that generics are primary, and that the consistency of markings affects the rate at which non-generic NPs are distinguished from generics.
Subject AreaPsycholinguistics
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Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000299049100006
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Cited Times:12[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10863
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorTardif, T (reprint author), Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, 530 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
Affiliation1.Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tardif, Twila,Gelman, Susan A.,Fu, Xiaolan,et al. Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'[J]. JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE,2012,39(1):130-161.
APA Tardif, Twila,Gelman, Susan A.,Fu, Xiaolan,Zhu, Liqi,&Tardif, T .(2012).Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'.JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE,39(1),130-161.
MLA Tardif, Twila,et al."Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'".JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE 39.1(2012):130-161.
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