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Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'
Tardif, Twila1; Gelman, Susan A.; Fu, Xiaolan2; Zhu, Liqi2; Tardif, T (reprint author), Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, 530 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
2012
发表期刊JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE
ISSN0305-0009
文章类型Article
卷号39期号:1页码:130-161
产权排序1
摘要English-speaking children understand and produce generic expressions in the preschool years, but there are cross-linguistic differences in how generics are expressed. Three studies examined interpretation of generic noun phrases in three-to seven-year-old child (N=192) and adult speakers (N=163) of Mandarin Chinese. Contrary to suggestions by Bloom (1981), Chinese-speaking adults honor a clear distinction between generics (expressed as bare NPs) and other quantified expressions ('all'/suo3you3 and 'some'/you3de). Furthermore, Mandarin-speaking children begin to distinguish generics from 'all' or 'some' as early as five years, as shown in both confirmation (Study 2) and property-generation (Study 3) tasks. Nonetheless, the developmental trajectory for Chinese appears prolonged relative to English and this seems to reflect difficulty with 'all' and 'some' rather than difficulty with generics. Altogether these results suggest that generics are primary, and that the consistency of markings affects the rate at which non-generic NPs are distinguished from generics.
学科领域Psycholinguistics
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收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000299049100006
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被引频次:11[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/10863
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Tardif, T (reprint author), Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, 530 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
作者单位1.Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
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Tardif, Twila,Gelman, Susan A.,Fu, Xiaolan,et al. Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'[J]. JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE,2012,39(1):130-161.
APA Tardif, Twila,Gelman, Susan A.,Fu, Xiaolan,Zhu, Liqi,&Tardif, T .(2012).Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'.JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE,39(1),130-161.
MLA Tardif, Twila,et al."Acquisition of generic noun phrases in Chinese: learning about lions without an '-s'".JOURNAL OF CHILD LANGUAGE 39.1(2012):130-161.
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