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Chinese and Korean Characters Engage the Same Visual Word Form Area in Proficient Early Chinese-Korean Bilinguals
Bai, Jian'e1,2,3; Shi, Jinfu1,4; Jiang, Yi1,3; He, Sheng3; Weng, Xuchu1,5; Bai, JE (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2011-07-27
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume6Issue:7
Contribution Rank1
AbstractA number of recent studies consistently show an area, known as the visual word form area (VWFA), in the left fusiform gyrus that is selectively responsive for visual words in alphabetic scripts as well as in logographic scripts, such as Chinese characters. However, given the large difference between Chinese characters and alphabetic scripts in terms of their orthographic rules, it is not clear at a fine spatial scale, whether Chinese characters engage the same VWFA in the occipito-temporal cortex as alphabetic scripts. We specifically compared Chinese with Korean script, with Korean script serving as a good example of alphabetic writing system, but matched to Chinese in the overall square shape. Sixteen proficient early Chinese-Korean bilinguals took part in the fMRI experiment. Four types of stimuli (Chinese characters, Korean characters, line drawings and unfamiliar Chinese faces) were presented in a block-design paradigm. By contrasting characters (Chinese or Korean) to faces, presumed VWFAs could be identified for both Chinese and Korean characters in the left occipito-temporal sulcus in each subject. The location of peak response point in these two VWFAs were essentially the same. Further analysis revealed a substantial overlap between the VWFA identified for Chinese and that for Korean. At the group level, there was no significant difference in amplitude of response to Chinese and Korean characters. Spatial patterns of response to Chinese and Korean are similar. In addition to confirming that there is an area in the left occipito-temporal cortex that selectively responds to scripts in both Korean and Chinese in early Chinese-Korean bilinguals, our results show that these two scripts engage essentially the same VWFA, even at the level of fine spatial patterns of activation across voxels. These results suggest that similar populations of neurons are engaged in processing the different scripts within the same VWFA in early bilinguals.
Subject AreaCognitive Psychology
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Indexed BySCI ; SSCI ; AHCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation of China [31070905] ; US National Science Foundation [BCS-0818588] ; NIH [R01 EY002934]
Project Intro.This research was supported by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of China (31070905) US National Science Foundation (BCS-0818588) and NIH (R01 EY002934). http://www.nsfc.gov.cn/Portal0/default124.htm. http://www.nsf.gov/index.jsp. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS IDWOS:000293282700073
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Cited Times:12[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/11437
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorBai, JE (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
4.Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Chongqing, Peoples R China
5.Hangzhou Normal Univ, Ctr Cognit & Brain Disorders, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bai, Jian'e,Shi, Jinfu,Jiang, Yi,et al. Chinese and Korean Characters Engage the Same Visual Word Form Area in Proficient Early Chinese-Korean Bilinguals[J]. PLOS ONE,2011,6(7).
APA Bai, Jian'e,Shi, Jinfu,Jiang, Yi,He, Sheng,Weng, Xuchu,&Bai, JE .(2011).Chinese and Korean Characters Engage the Same Visual Word Form Area in Proficient Early Chinese-Korean Bilinguals.PLOS ONE,6(7).
MLA Bai, Jian'e,et al."Chinese and Korean Characters Engage the Same Visual Word Form Area in Proficient Early Chinese-Korean Bilinguals".PLOS ONE 6.7(2011).
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