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Every Science/Nature Potter Praises His Own Pot-Can We Believe What He Says Based on His Mother Tongue?
Li, Shu1; Bi, Yan-Ling2; Rao, Li-Lin2; Li, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Ctr Social & Econ Behav, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2011
发表期刊JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0221
文章类型Article
卷号42期号:1页码:125-130
产权排序1
摘要It has been consistently observed that people are generally overconfident in their judgments or decisions and that overconfidence in general knowledge is typically stronger among Asian than among Western subject groups. However, scientists, whose job is to produce neutral and objective knowledge, are expected to be immune to overconfidence and to be independent of cross-cultural variation. The authors conducted an email survey to determine whether well-trained scholars are really immune to the overconfidence bias and whether cross-cultural variations in overconfidence exist among scientists from different language backgrounds. Contrary to the authors' expectations, scientists who published their works in Science or Nature were inaccurate, overconfident, likely to nominate the journal they published in to have a greater impact factor, and easier to generate supportive rather than opposite arguments for their own conclusions. The authors also found that Chinese-speaking authors exhibited greater overconfidence but generated fewer arguments than did their English-speaking counterparts, which is consistent with Yates, Lee, and Shinotsuka's argument recruitment model. The pervasive overconfidence and its cross-cultural variations suggest that an academic author may not communicate his or her conclusions to readers in an impartial and value-free manner, and therefore, the job of detecting bias is hoped to be taken and done well by the reader.
关键词overconfidence language background Science Nature
学科领域Cultural Psychology
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收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000284998400009
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被引频次:5[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/11504
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
通讯作者Li, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Ctr Social & Econ Behav, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Ctr Social & Econ Behav, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Li, Shu,Bi, Yan-Ling,Rao, Li-Lin,et al. Every Science/Nature Potter Praises His Own Pot-Can We Believe What He Says Based on His Mother Tongue?[J]. JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY,2011,42(1):125-130.
APA Li, Shu,Bi, Yan-Ling,Rao, Li-Lin,&Li, S .(2011).Every Science/Nature Potter Praises His Own Pot-Can We Believe What He Says Based on His Mother Tongue?.JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY,42(1),125-130.
MLA Li, Shu,et al."Every Science/Nature Potter Praises His Own Pot-Can We Believe What He Says Based on His Mother Tongue?".JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY 42.1(2011):125-130.
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