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Individual Differences in Holistic Processing Predict Face Recognition Ability
Wang, Ruosi1; Li, Jingguang1; Fang, Huizhen1; Tian, Moqian1; Liu, Jia1,2,3; Liu, J (reprint author), Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
2012-02-01
Source PublicationPSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
ISSN0956-7976
SubtypeArticle
Volume23Issue:2Pages:169-177
Contribution Rank2
AbstractWhy do some people recognize faces easily and others frequently make mistakes in recognizing faces? Classic behavioral work has shown that faces are processed in a distinctive holistic manner that is unlike the processing of objects. In the study reported here, we investigated whether individual differences in holistic face processing have a significant influence on face recognition. We found that the magnitude of face-specific recognition accuracy correlated with the extent to which participants processed faces holistically, as indexed by the composite-face effect and the whole-part effect. This association is due to face-specific processing in particular, not to a more general aspect of cognitive processing, such as general intelligence or global attention. This finding provides constraints on computational models of face recognition and may elucidate mechanisms underlying cognitive disorders, such as prosopagnosia and autism, that are associated with deficits in face recognition.
Keywordface-specific recognition holistic processing composite-face effect whole-part effect difference measures individual differences face perception object recognition
Subject AreaCognitive Psychology
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Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000300955900012
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/11862
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, J (reprint author), Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Ruosi,Li, Jingguang,Fang, Huizhen,et al. Individual Differences in Holistic Processing Predict Face Recognition Ability[J]. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE,2012,23(2):169-177.
APA Wang, Ruosi,Li, Jingguang,Fang, Huizhen,Tian, Moqian,Liu, Jia,&Liu, J .(2012).Individual Differences in Holistic Processing Predict Face Recognition Ability.PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE,23(2),169-177.
MLA Wang, Ruosi,et al."Individual Differences in Holistic Processing Predict Face Recognition Ability".PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 23.2(2012):169-177.
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