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Investigating the links between the subcomponents of executive function and academic achievement: A cross-cultural analysis of Chinese and American preschoolers
Lan, Xuezhao1; Legare, Cristine H.2; Ponitz, Claire Cameron3; Li, Su4; Morrison, Frederick J.5; Lan, XZ (reprint author), Harvard Univ, Grad Sch Educ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
2011-03-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0965
文章类型Article
卷号108期号:3页码:677-692
产权排序4
摘要Little is known about how components of executive function (EF) jointly and uniquely predict different aspects of academic achievement and how this may vary across cultural contexts. In the current study, 119 Chinese and 139 American preschoolers were tested on a battery of EF tasks (i.e., inhibition, working memory, and attentional control) as well as academic achievement tasks (i.e., reading and mathematics). Results demonstrate that although working memory performance in both cultures was comparable, Chinese children outperformed American children on inhibition and attentional control tasks. In addition, the relation between components of EF and achievement was similar in the two countries. Working memory uniquely predicted academic achievement, with some intriguing patterns in regard to tasks requiring complex processing. Inhibition uniquely predicted counting but did not uniquely predict calculation. Attentional control predicted most aspects of achievement uniformly and was the most robust predictor for reading in both countries. In sum, the data provide insight into both cultural variability and consistency in the development of EF during early childhood. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词Executive function Cross-culture Achievement China Working memory Inhibition Attention control
学科领域Cultural Psychology,Developmental Psychology
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收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000289016300018
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/11872
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者Lan, XZ (reprint author), Harvard Univ, Grad Sch Educ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
作者单位1.Harvard Univ, Grad Sch Educ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
2.Univ Texas Austin, Dept Psychol, Austin, TX 78712 USA
3.Univ Virginia, Ctr Adv Study Teaching & Learning, Charlottesville, VA 22904 USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
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Lan, Xuezhao,Legare, Cristine H.,Ponitz, Claire Cameron,et al. Investigating the links between the subcomponents of executive function and academic achievement: A cross-cultural analysis of Chinese and American preschoolers[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,2011,108(3):677-692.
APA Lan, Xuezhao,Legare, Cristine H.,Ponitz, Claire Cameron,Li, Su,Morrison, Frederick J.,&Lan, XZ .(2011).Investigating the links between the subcomponents of executive function and academic achievement: A cross-cultural analysis of Chinese and American preschoolers.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,108(3),677-692.
MLA Lan, Xuezhao,et al."Investigating the links between the subcomponents of executive function and academic achievement: A cross-cultural analysis of Chinese and American preschoolers".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 108.3(2011):677-692.
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