PSYCH OpenIR  > 脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Focus, Newness and Their Combination: Processing of Information Structure in Discourse
Chen, Lijing1,2; Li, Xingshan1; Yang, Yufang1; Chen, LJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2012-08-17
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:8Pages:e42533
Contribution Rank1
AbstractThe relationship between focus and new information has been unclear despite being the subject of several information structure studies. Here, we report an eye-tracking experiment that explored the relationship between them in on-line discourse processing in Chinese reading. Focus was marked by the Chinese focus-particle "shi", which is equivalent to the cleft structure "it was. who." in English. New information was defined as the target word that was not present in previous contexts. Our results show that, in the target region, focused information was processed more quickly than non-focused information, while new information was processed more slowly than given information. These results reveal differences in processing patterns between focus and newness, and suggest that they are different concepts that relate to different aspects of cognitive processing. In addition, the effect of new/given information occurred in the post-target region for the focus condition, but not for the non-focus condition, suggesting a complex relationship between focus and newness in the discourse integration stage.
Subject AreaCognitive Psychology
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Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [31070989, 60775026]
Project Intro.This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant number: 31070989) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant number: 60775026). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS IDWOS:000308063700015
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/12823
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChen, LJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Lijing,Li, Xingshan,Yang, Yufang,et al. Focus, Newness and Their Combination: Processing of Information Structure in Discourse[J]. PLOS ONE,2012,7(8):e42533.
APA Chen, Lijing,Li, Xingshan,Yang, Yufang,&Chen, LJ .(2012).Focus, Newness and Their Combination: Processing of Information Structure in Discourse.PLOS ONE,7(8),e42533.
MLA Chen, Lijing,et al."Focus, Newness and Their Combination: Processing of Information Structure in Discourse".PLOS ONE 7.8(2012):e42533.
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