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Neural Correlates of Belief-Laden Reasoning during Premise Processing: An Event-Related Potential Study
Luo, Junlong; Yang, Qun; Du, Xiumin3; Zhang, Qinglin1,2; Zhang, QL (reprint author), Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Minist Educ, Dept Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China.
2011
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY
ISSN0302-282X
SubtypeArticle
Volume63Issue:2Pages:112-118
Contribution Rank3
AbstractIn this study, electrophysiological correlates of belief-laden reasoning were investigated. As subjects, trained participants were required to draw a logical conclusion after being exposed to 4 conditional arguments: the inhibitory content of modus tollens (ICMT), facilitatory content of modus tollens (FCMT), inhibitory content of denial of the antecedent (ICDA) and facilitatory content of denial of the antecedent (FCDA). Event-related potentials were employed to record the processing of minor premises. The results show that in comparison with FCMT, a greater negativity in the ICMT developed during both the 400- to 600- and the 800- to 1,600-ms time windows. A greater anterior cingulate cortex activity observed in the 800- to 1,600-ms time window in ICMT could reflect a detection of the conflict between empirical beliefs and logical rules. However, the components elicited by ICDA and FCDA were not significantly different. The results indicate that logical training influenced MT and DA forms of belief-laden reasoning in different ways and different strategies were likely adopted in the inference processes. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
KeywordBelief-laden reasoning Logical training Event-related potential Anterior cingulate cortex Prefrontal cortex
Subject AreaCognitive Neuroscience
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Discipline of Basic Psychology of Southwest University [NSKD08002] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [30970892] ; Postgraduate Innovation Foundation of Science and Technology of Southwest University [ky2009015]
Project Intro.The authors wish to thank Dr. Mathilde Bonnefond for her patient editing of our manuscript and for her constructive suggestions. The authors also thank 2 anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments. This research was supported by the National Key Discipline of Basic Psychology of Southwest University (NSKD08002), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30970892) and the Postgraduate Innovation Foundation of Science and Technology of Southwest University (No. ky2009015).
WOS IDWOS:000286311000007
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/12872
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, QL (reprint author), Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Minist Educ, Dept Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Minist Educ, Dept Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
2.Southwest Univ, Key Lab Personal & Cognit, Minist Educ, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Junlong,Yang, Qun,Du, Xiumin,et al. Neural Correlates of Belief-Laden Reasoning during Premise Processing: An Event-Related Potential Study[J]. NEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY,2011,63(2):112-118.
APA Luo, Junlong,Yang, Qun,Du, Xiumin,Zhang, Qinglin,&Zhang, QL .(2011).Neural Correlates of Belief-Laden Reasoning during Premise Processing: An Event-Related Potential Study.NEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY,63(2),112-118.
MLA Luo, Junlong,et al."Neural Correlates of Belief-Laden Reasoning during Premise Processing: An Event-Related Potential Study".NEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY 63.2(2011):112-118.
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