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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression among the Elderly: A Survey of the Hard-hit Areas a Year after the Wenchuan Earthquake
Zhang, Zhen; Shi, Zhanbiao; Wang, Li; Liu, Mingxin; Zhang, Z (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2012-02-01
Source PublicationSTRESS AND HEALTH
ISSN1532-3005
SubtypeArticle
Volume28Issue:1Pages:61-68
Contribution Rank1
AbstractFew studies to date have examined psychological sequelae of natural disasters among the elderly in China. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence rates of probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression in the elderly survivors a year after the Wenchuan earthquake as well as to analyse related risk factors. The community-based sample of the study consisted of 284 elderly survivors (=60 years). PTSD was assessed by the PTSD ChecklistCivilian version, and anxiety and depression were assessed by the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist. In total, the estimated prevalence rates of probable PTSD, anxiety and depression were 26.3%, 42.9% and 35.2%, respectively. Nearly a fifth of the elderly participants reported symptoms that meet the criteria for all three of these mental disorders. Results indicated that some factors associated with earthquake-exposure intensity, which included loss of livelihood, bereavement, injury and initial fear during the earthquake, were among the significant risk factors for these mental disorders. Women had a higher risk of suffering from probable anxiety as compared to men. Finally, the significance and limitations of this study were also discussed. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keywordearthquake PTSD anxiety depression elderly survivors
Subject AreaPsychology Of Old Age,Emotional Psychology
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Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationScience Development Foundation of the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [09cx143014]
Project Intro.This study was approved by the review board of the Institute of Psychology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the local government. All participants gave verbal consent before formal investigation. This study was funded by the Science Development Foundation of the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (psychological assessment and intervention for survivors in hard-hit areas of Sichuan earthquake, grant 09cx143014). The researchers are especially thankful to all investigators and participants.
WOS IDWOS:000299252100007
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Cited Times:33[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/12899
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Z (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Zhen,Shi, Zhanbiao,Wang, Li,et al. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression among the Elderly: A Survey of the Hard-hit Areas a Year after the Wenchuan Earthquake[J]. STRESS AND HEALTH,2012,28(1):61-68.
APA Zhang, Zhen,Shi, Zhanbiao,Wang, Li,Liu, Mingxin,&Zhang, Z .(2012).Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression among the Elderly: A Survey of the Hard-hit Areas a Year after the Wenchuan Earthquake.STRESS AND HEALTH,28(1),61-68.
MLA Zhang, Zhen,et al."Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression among the Elderly: A Survey of the Hard-hit Areas a Year after the Wenchuan Earthquake".STRESS AND HEALTH 28.1(2012):61-68.
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