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Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children
Lu, Liping1,2; Weber, Heike S.3; Spinath, Frank M.3; Shi, Jiannong1,2; Shi, JN (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China.
2011-03-01
发表期刊INTELLIGENCE
ISSN0160-2896
文章类型Article
卷号39期号:2-3页码:130-140
产权排序1
摘要The present study had two aims: First, to investigate the joint and specific roles of working memory (WM) and intelligence as predictors of school achievement. And second, to replicate and extend earlier findings (Spinath, Spinath, Harlaar, & Plomin, 2006) on the incremental validity of non-cognitive over cognitive abilities in the prediction of school achievement. The present sample consisted of N = 179 Chinese primary school children in the fourth grade. All measures including working memory (WM), intelligence and motivational items were assessed in class. Teachers provided test scores for the domains of Chinese and Math. We found that WM was a good predictor of school achievement and comparable in predictive power to intelligence. Together, cognitive ability including both WM and intelligence explained 17.8% and 36.4% of the variance in children's Chinese and Math scores, respectively. The relative importance of WM and intelligence varied with school domains with greater predictive power of WM for Math while intelligence explained a greater proportion of the variance in Chinese although the magnitude of this difference was only moderate. Domain-specific motivational constructs contributed only marginally to the prediction of school achievement for both Chinese and Math. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词School achievement Intelligence Working memory Self-perceived ability Intrinsic values
学科领域Psychology Of Education
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收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000290422900008
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/12900
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者Shi, JN (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
3.Univ Saarland, Dept Psychol, Saarbrucken, Germany
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Lu, Liping,Weber, Heike S.,Spinath, Frank M.,et al. Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children[J]. INTELLIGENCE,2011,39(2-3):130-140.
APA Lu, Liping,Weber, Heike S.,Spinath, Frank M.,Shi, Jiannong,&Shi, JN .(2011).Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children.INTELLIGENCE,39(2-3),130-140.
MLA Lu, Liping,et al."Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children".INTELLIGENCE 39.2-3(2011):130-140.
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