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Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children
Lu, Liping1,2; Weber, Heike S.3; Spinath, Frank M.3; Shi, Jiannong1,2; Shi, JN (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China.
2011-03-01
Source PublicationINTELLIGENCE
ISSN0160-2896
SubtypeArticle
Volume39Issue:2-3Pages:130-140
Contribution Rank1
AbstractThe present study had two aims: First, to investigate the joint and specific roles of working memory (WM) and intelligence as predictors of school achievement. And second, to replicate and extend earlier findings (Spinath, Spinath, Harlaar, & Plomin, 2006) on the incremental validity of non-cognitive over cognitive abilities in the prediction of school achievement. The present sample consisted of N = 179 Chinese primary school children in the fourth grade. All measures including working memory (WM), intelligence and motivational items were assessed in class. Teachers provided test scores for the domains of Chinese and Math. We found that WM was a good predictor of school achievement and comparable in predictive power to intelligence. Together, cognitive ability including both WM and intelligence explained 17.8% and 36.4% of the variance in children's Chinese and Math scores, respectively. The relative importance of WM and intelligence varied with school domains with greater predictive power of WM for Math while intelligence explained a greater proportion of the variance in Chinese although the magnitude of this difference was only moderate. Domain-specific motivational constructs contributed only marginally to the prediction of school achievement for both Chinese and Math. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
KeywordSchool achievement Intelligence Working memory Self-perceived ability Intrinsic values
Subject AreaPsychology Of Education
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Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000290422900008
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/12900
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorShi, JN (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
3.Univ Saarland, Dept Psychol, Saarbrucken, Germany
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GB/T 7714
Lu, Liping,Weber, Heike S.,Spinath, Frank M.,et al. Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children[J]. INTELLIGENCE,2011,39(2-3):130-140.
APA Lu, Liping,Weber, Heike S.,Spinath, Frank M.,Shi, Jiannong,&Shi, JN .(2011).Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children.INTELLIGENCE,39(2-3),130-140.
MLA Lu, Liping,et al."Predicting school achievement from cognitive and non-cognitive variables in a Chinese sample of elementary school children".INTELLIGENCE 39.2-3(2011):130-140.
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