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The Characteristics of Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect for Developing Readers
Zhao, Jing1,2; Li, Qing-Lin1,2; Bi, Hong-Yan1; Bi, HY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2012-10-08
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:10Pages:1-5
Contribution Rank1
AbstractOrthographic neighborhood size (N size) effect in Chinese character naming has been studied in adults. In the present study, we aimed to explore the developmental characteristics of Chinese N size effect. One hundred and seventeen students (40 from the 3rd grade with mean age of 9 years; 40 from the 5th grade with mean age of 11 years; 37 from the 7th grade with mean age of 13 years) were recruited in the study. A naming task of Chinese characters was adopted to elucidate N-size- effect development. Reaction times and error rates were recorded. Results showed that children in the 3rd grade named characters from large neighborhoods faster than named those from small neighborhoods, revealing a facilitatory N size effect; the 5th graders showed null N size effect; while the 7th graders showed an inhibitory N size effect, with longer reaction times for the characters from large neighborhoods than for those from small neighborhoods. The change from facilitation to inhibition of neighborhood size effect across grades suggested the transition from broadly tuned to finely tuned lexical representation in reading development, and the possible inhibition from higher frequency neighbors for higher graders.
Subject AreaCognitive Psychology
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [30970910, 30770726]
Project Intro.The research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30970910, 30770726). The website for the foundation is http://www.nsfc.gov.cn/Portal0/default166.htm. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
WOS IDWOS:000309831500110
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Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13285
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorBi, HY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Jing,Li, Qing-Lin,Bi, Hong-Yan,et al. The Characteristics of Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect for Developing Readers[J]. PLOS ONE,2012,7(10):1-5.
APA Zhao, Jing,Li, Qing-Lin,Bi, Hong-Yan,&Bi, HY .(2012).The Characteristics of Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect for Developing Readers.PLOS ONE,7(10),1-5.
MLA Zhao, Jing,et al."The Characteristics of Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect for Developing Readers".PLOS ONE 7.10(2012):1-5.
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