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The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children
Yang, Tian-xiao2,3; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; Shum, David4; Chan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2011-05-01
发表期刊NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0894-4105
文章类型Article
卷号25期号:3页码:342-352
产权排序2
摘要Objective: This study aimed to use specifically designed tasks to capture time-based, activity-based, and event-based prospective memory (PM) performance in typically developing school-age children. Method: Two PM tasks (Fishing Game & Happy Week) were used to examine the developmental patterns of PM in these children. Retrospective memory (RM) was also examined in these tasks. A total of 120 children aged between 7 and 12 years (10 girls and 10 boys in each age band) were recruited. Tests of working memory, inhibition, and IQ were also administered. Results: The age effect on PM accuracy was significant, with improvements identified between ages 7 to 8 and 10 to 11 years. For both tasks, performance on the time-based PM task was significantly poorer than that on the event-based PM task, which in turn was significantly poorer than that on the activity-based PM task. In terms of errors, results indicated that while errors associated with the PM component of the tasks decreased with age, errors associated with the RM component showed an inverted-U shape. The different patterns of errors suggest qualitative as well as quantitative differences in PM development in children. Finally, IQ, working memory, and inhibition were found to relate to PM when age was partialed out. Conclusions: Results of the study highlight the importance of contextual cues, such as activities and events, for prospective remembering in children. In addition, they have provided a general picture of PM development in school-age children and have implications for educators and parents.
关键词prospective memory children development
学科领域Developmental Psychology
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [30370485] ; Project-Oriented Hundred Talents Programme [07CX031003] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-YW-R-131]
项目简介This research was partially supported by the Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 30370485), the Project-Oriented Hundred Talents Programme (07CX031003), and the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX2-YW-R-131). We thank Professor John O'Gorman for proofreading the final version of the manuscript.
WOS记录号WOS:000290748100007
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被引频次:21[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13288
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Chan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Univ York, Dept Psychol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England
4.Griffith Univ, Griffith Hlth Inst, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia
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GB/T 7714
Yang, Tian-xiao,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Shum, David,et al. The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,2011,25(3):342-352.
APA Yang, Tian-xiao,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Shum, David,&Chan, RCK .(2011).The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,25(3),342-352.
MLA Yang, Tian-xiao,et al."The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 25.3(2011):342-352.
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