PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children
Yang, Tian-xiao2,3; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; Shum, David4; Chan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2011-05-01
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0894-4105
SubtypeArticle
Volume25Issue:3Pages:342-352
Contribution Rank2
AbstractObjective: This study aimed to use specifically designed tasks to capture time-based, activity-based, and event-based prospective memory (PM) performance in typically developing school-age children. Method: Two PM tasks (Fishing Game & Happy Week) were used to examine the developmental patterns of PM in these children. Retrospective memory (RM) was also examined in these tasks. A total of 120 children aged between 7 and 12 years (10 girls and 10 boys in each age band) were recruited. Tests of working memory, inhibition, and IQ were also administered. Results: The age effect on PM accuracy was significant, with improvements identified between ages 7 to 8 and 10 to 11 years. For both tasks, performance on the time-based PM task was significantly poorer than that on the event-based PM task, which in turn was significantly poorer than that on the activity-based PM task. In terms of errors, results indicated that while errors associated with the PM component of the tasks decreased with age, errors associated with the RM component showed an inverted-U shape. The different patterns of errors suggest qualitative as well as quantitative differences in PM development in children. Finally, IQ, working memory, and inhibition were found to relate to PM when age was partialed out. Conclusions: Results of the study highlight the importance of contextual cues, such as activities and events, for prospective remembering in children. In addition, they have provided a general picture of PM development in school-age children and have implications for educators and parents.
Keywordprospective memory children development
Subject AreaDevelopmental Psychology
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [30370485] ; Project-Oriented Hundred Talents Programme [07CX031003] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-YW-R-131]
Project Intro.This research was partially supported by the Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 30370485), the Project-Oriented Hundred Talents Programme (07CX031003), and the Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KSCX2-YW-R-131). We thank Professor John O'Gorman for proofreading the final version of the manuscript.
WOS IDWOS:000290748100007
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13288
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorChan, RCK (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Univ York, Dept Psychol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England
4.Griffith Univ, Griffith Hlth Inst, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Tian-xiao,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Shum, David,et al. The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,2011,25(3):342-352.
APA Yang, Tian-xiao,Chan, Raymond C. K.,Shum, David,&Chan, RCK .(2011).The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,25(3),342-352.
MLA Yang, Tian-xiao,et al."The Development of Prospective Memory in Typically Developing Children".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 25.3(2011):342-352.
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