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The influence of the absence of fathers and the timing of separation on anxiety and self-esteem of adolescents: a cross-sectional survey
Luo, J.2; Wang, L-G.; Gao, W-B.1; Gao, WB (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Mental Hlth Promot, Inst Psychol, Datun Rd 4, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2012-09-01
发表期刊CHILD CARE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT
ISSN0305-1862
文章类型Article
卷号38期号:5页码:723-731
产权排序1
摘要Background Many rural children in China have been experiencing life without fathers since the 1990s, when their fathers left the rural areas for the urban areas to find a job that would allow them to continue to support their family. However, to date, knowledge and understanding of the effects of the absence of fathers and timing of separation on the mental health of adolescents are limited. Methods A total of 2233 students, ranging in age from 11 to 23 years, from five provinces of China, including 1024 adolescents who experienced the absence of their fathers, were recruited for this study. The data were collected using State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, which were self-report questionnaires. Results Findings from a structured questionnaire showed that the subjects who experienced life without fathers have increased state-anxiety (t=-5.80, P < 0.001) and lower self-esteem (t= 39.54, P < 0.001) when compared with other subjects, and the above results could be influenced by gender and grade. A limited effect of the timing of separation was found on the mental health of students whose fathers were absent. A significant timing group effect existed for state-anxiety scores [F(3,992) = 2.26, P= 0.05], and post test also revealed that the self-esteem of female scores in the 02 timing group was higher than other timing group's [F(3,992) = 4.58, P= 0.004]. Conclusion The influence of the absence of fathers on the anxiety and self-esteem of adolescents seems to be more serious than our expectation, and the influence will be different according to the timing of father absence.
关键词absence of fathers anxiety self-esteem timing of separation
学科领域Emotional Psychology,Developmental Psychology
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000307107000013
引用统计
被引频次:12[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13296
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Gao, WB (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Mental Hlth Promot, Inst Psychol, Datun Rd 4, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Mental Hlth Promot, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Zhongguancun Haidian Inst, Chinese Postdoctoral Entrepreneurship Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Luo, J.,Wang, L-G.,Gao, W-B.,et al. The influence of the absence of fathers and the timing of separation on anxiety and self-esteem of adolescents: a cross-sectional survey[J]. CHILD CARE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT,2012,38(5):723-731.
APA Luo, J.,Wang, L-G.,Gao, W-B.,&Gao, WB .(2012).The influence of the absence of fathers and the timing of separation on anxiety and self-esteem of adolescents: a cross-sectional survey.CHILD CARE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT,38(5),723-731.
MLA Luo, J.,et al."The influence of the absence of fathers and the timing of separation on anxiety and self-esteem of adolescents: a cross-sectional survey".CHILD CARE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT 38.5(2012):723-731.
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