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Wanting to Be Great and Better But Not Average: On the Pancultural Desire for Self-Enhancing and Self-Improving Feedback
Gaertner, Lowell2; Sedikides, Constantine3; Cai, Huajian1; Cai, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
2012-05-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0221
SubtypeArticle
Volume43Issue:4Pages:521-526
Contribution Rank3
AbstractWhat is the nature of self-evaluation motives? The relativist perspective suggests that self-evaluation motives vary culturally, with self-enhancement developing in Western culture and self-effacement and self-improvement developing in East Asian culture. The universalist perspective suggests that self-enhancement and self-improvement are basic human motives that coexist in the self-system and are prevalent across cultures. We tested the competing perspectives in a cross-cultural study. Chinese and American students rated the degree to which they want to receive four types of feedback (self-enhancing, self-effacing, self-improving, and no-feedback) from four sources (parents, teachers, friends, and classmates). Chinese and Americans (a) overwhelmingly wanted self-enhancing and self-improving feedback more than self-effacing feedback and no-feedback and (b) were uninterested in self-effacing feedback. These findings attest to the universal nature of self-enhancement and self-improvement motives.
Keywordself self-evaluation self-enhancement
Subject AreaHealth Psychology
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Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000302915500002
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Cited Times:23[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13331
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorCai, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 4A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Tennessee, Knoxville, TN USA
3.Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gaertner, Lowell,Sedikides, Constantine,Cai, Huajian,et al. Wanting to Be Great and Better But Not Average: On the Pancultural Desire for Self-Enhancing and Self-Improving Feedback[J]. JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY,2012,43(4):521-526.
APA Gaertner, Lowell,Sedikides, Constantine,Cai, Huajian,&Cai, HJ .(2012).Wanting to Be Great and Better But Not Average: On the Pancultural Desire for Self-Enhancing and Self-Improving Feedback.JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY,43(4),521-526.
MLA Gaertner, Lowell,et al."Wanting to Be Great and Better But Not Average: On the Pancultural Desire for Self-Enhancing and Self-Improving Feedback".JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY 43.4(2012):521-526.
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