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Woulda, coulda, shoulda: The evaluation and the impact of the alternative outcome
Gu, Ruolei1,2; Wu, Tingting1; Jiang, Yang2; Luo, Yue-Jia1,3; Luo, YJ (reprint author), Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
2011-10-01
Source PublicationPSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
ISSN0048-5772
SubtypeArticle
Volume48Issue:10Pages:1354-1360
Contribution Rank3
AbstractThe alternative outcome refers to the outcome of the unselected option in decision-making tasks, which has significant influence on the chosen outcome evaluation. Most paradigms have presented the alternative outcome either after or simultaneous with the chosen outcome, which complicates the observation on the brain activity associated with the alternative outcome. To circumvent this perceived shortcoming, we modified the classic paradigm designed by Yeung and Sanfey (2004) such that the alternative outcome was presented before the chosen outcome in each trial while an electroencephalogram was recorded. The feedback-related negativity (FRN) elicited by the positive alternative outcome was larger than that elicited by the negative alternative outcome, suggesting that the participants evaluated the positive alternative outcome as negative feedback. Moreover, the FRN and the P3 elicited by the chosen outcome were influenced by the valence of the alternative outcome. The current study reveals that the alternative outcome is treated as important information even though it is economically neutral.
KeywordDecision making Outcome evaluation Alternative outcome Feedback-related negativity (FRN) Logic error Counterfactual thinking
Subject AreaCognitive Psychology
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Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationMinistry of Science and Technology [2011CB711000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [30930031] ; National Key Technologies RD Program [2009BAI77B01] ; U.S. National Institutes of Health [1R01TW007897, P50DA05312] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [2009SAP-8]
Project Intro.This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (973 Program, 2011CB711000), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30930031), National Key Technologies R&D Program (2009BAI77B01), Global Research Initiative Program, U.S. National Institutes of Health (Grants 1R01TW007897 and P50DA05312), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2009SAP-8). The authors sincerely thank Lucas Broster and Luke Holderfield for help with manuscript editing and two anonymous reviewers for their contribution to the Discussion section.
WOS IDWOS:000295054400005
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Cited Times:22[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13339
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLuo, YJ (reprint author), Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Univ Kentucky, Coll Med, Dept Behav Sci, Lexington, KY 40536 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gu, Ruolei,Wu, Tingting,Jiang, Yang,et al. Woulda, coulda, shoulda: The evaluation and the impact of the alternative outcome[J]. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,2011,48(10):1354-1360.
APA Gu, Ruolei,Wu, Tingting,Jiang, Yang,Luo, Yue-Jia,&Luo, YJ .(2011).Woulda, coulda, shoulda: The evaluation and the impact of the alternative outcome.PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,48(10),1354-1360.
MLA Gu, Ruolei,et al."Woulda, coulda, shoulda: The evaluation and the impact of the alternative outcome".PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 48.10(2011):1354-1360.
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