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Distinctive effects of fear and sadness induction on anger and aggressive behavior
Zhan, Jun1; Ren, Jun2; Fan, Jin3; Luo, Jing1,4
AbstractA recent study has reported that the successful implementation of cognitive regulation of emotion depends on higher-level cognitive functions, such as top-down control, which may be impaired in stressful situations. This calls for "cognition free" self-regulatory strategies that do not require top-down control. In contrast to the cognitive regulation of emotion that emphasizes the role of cognition, traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine views the relationship among different types of emotions as promoting or counteracting each other without the involvement of cognition, which provides an insightful perspective for developing "cognition free" regulatory strategies. In this study, we examined two hypotheses regarding the modulation of anger and aggressive behavior: sadness counteracts anger and aggressive behavior, whereas fear promotes anger and aggressive behavior. Participants were first provoked by reading extremely negative feedback on their viewpoints (Study 1) and by watching anger-inducing movie clips (Study 2). Then, these angry participants were assigned to three equivalent groups and viewed sad, fear-inducing, or neutral materials to evoke the corresponding emotions. The results showed that participants displayed a lower level of aggressive behavior when sadness was later induced and a higher level of anger when fear was later induced. These results provide evidence that supports the hypothesis of mutual promotion and counteraction relationships among these types of emotions and imply a "cognition free" approach to regulating anger and aggressive behavior.
Keywordanger sadness fear aggressive behavior emotion regulation mood induction
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WOS IDWOS:000356942300001
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Capital Normal Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Capital Educ Dev, Dept Psychol, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing 100048, Peoples R China
2.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Jinhua, Peoples R China
3.CUNY Queens Coll, Dept Psychol, New York, NY USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhan, Jun,Ren, Jun,Fan, Jin,et al. Distinctive effects of fear and sadness induction on anger and aggressive behavior[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2015,6(0):725.
APA Zhan, Jun,Ren, Jun,Fan, Jin,&Luo, Jing.(2015).Distinctive effects of fear and sadness induction on anger and aggressive behavior.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,6(0),725.
MLA Zhan, Jun,et al."Distinctive effects of fear and sadness induction on anger and aggressive behavior".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6.0(2015):725.
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