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Dimensional schizotypy and social cognition: an fMRI imaging study
Wang, Yi1; Liu, Wen-hua2; Li, Zhi1,3; Wei, Xin-hua4; Jiang, Xin-qing4; Neumann, David L.5,6; Shum, David H. K.5,6; Cheung, Eric F. C.7; Chan, Raymond C. K.1
AbstractImpairment in empathy has been demonstrated in patients with schizophrenia and individuals with psychosis proneness. In the present study, we examined the neural correlates underlying theory of mind (ToM) and empathy and the relationships between these two social cognitive abilities with schizotypy. Fifty-six first-year college students (31 males, 25 females) between 17 and 21 years of age (M = 19.3, SD = 0.9) from a medical university in China participated. All participants undertook a comic strips functional imaging task that specifically examined both empathy and ToM. In addition, they completed two self-report scales: the Chapman Psychosis Proneness scale and the Interpersonal Responsivity Index (IRI). Results showed that both empathy and ToM conditions of the task were associated with brain activity in the middle temporal gyrus, the temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), the precuneus and the posterior cingulate gyrus. In addition, we found positive correlations between negative schizotypy and brain activity in regions involved in social cognition, namely, the middle temporal gyrus, the TPJ, as well as the medial prefrontal gyrus. These findings highlight that different dimensions of schizotypy may show different associations with brain regions involved in social cognitive abilities. More importantly, the positive correlation between brain activity and anhedonia suggests the presence of compensatory mechanisms in high-risk populations.
Keywordschizotypy theory of mind empathy fMRI anhedonia
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing 10101, Peoples R China
2.Guangzhou Med Univ, Sch Hlth Management, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Guangzhou First Peoples Hosp, Dept Radiol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
6.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
7.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Yi,Liu, Wen-hua,Li, Zhi,et al. Dimensional schizotypy and social cognition: an fMRI imaging study[J]. FRONTIERS IN BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE,2015,9(0):133.
APA Wang, Yi.,Liu, Wen-hua.,Li, Zhi.,Wei, Xin-hua.,Jiang, Xin-qing.,...&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2015).Dimensional schizotypy and social cognition: an fMRI imaging study.FRONTIERS IN BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE,9(0),133.
MLA Wang, Yi,et al."Dimensional schizotypy and social cognition: an fMRI imaging study".FRONTIERS IN BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE 9.0(2015):133.
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