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题名:
An illustrated heuristic prototype facilitates scientific inventive problem solving: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study
作者: Tong, Dandan1,2; Li, Wenfu3; Tang, Chaoying4; Yang, Wenjing1,2; Tian, Yan1,2; Zhang, Lei5; Zhang, Meng6; Qiu, Jiang1,2; Liu, Yijun1,2; Zhang, Qinglin1,2
文章类型: Article
关键词: Scientific invention ; Heuristic prototypes ; Visual image ; fMRI
刊名: CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION
ISSN号: 1053-8100
出版日期: 2015-07-01
卷号: 34, 期号:0, 页码:43-51
收录类别: SSCI
英文摘要: Many scientific inventions (SI) throughout history were inspired by heuristic prototypes (HPs). For instance, an event or piece of knowledge similar to displaced water from a tub inspired Archimedes' principle. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this insightful problem solving are not very clear. Thus, the present study explored the neural correlates used to solve SI problems facilitated by HPs. Each HP had two versions: a literal description with an illustration (LDI) and a literal description with no illustration (LDNI). Thirty-two participants were divided randomly into these two groups. Blood oxygenation level-dependent fMRI contrasts between LDI and LDNI groups were measured. Greater activity in the right middle occipital gyrus (RMOG, BA19), right precentral gyrus (RPCG, BA4), and left middle frontal gyrus (LMFG, BA46) were found within the LDI group as compared to the LDNI group. We discuss these results in terms cognitive functions within these regions related to problem solving and memory retrieval. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000355054000007
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13362
Appears in Collections:认知与发展心理学研究室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Minist Educ, Key Lab Cognit & Personal SWU, Chongqing, Peoples R China
2.Southwest Univ SWU, Sch Psychol, Chongqing 400715, Peoples R China
3.Jining Meid Univ, Dept Mental Hlth, Jining 272013, Shandong, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Management, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Xinxiang Med Univ, Dept Psychol, Xinxiang 453003, Henan, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Tong, Dandan,Li, Wenfu,Tang, Chaoying,et al. An illustrated heuristic prototype facilitates scientific inventive problem solving: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study[J]. CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION,2015,34(0):43-51.
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