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Painful faces-induced attentional blink modulated by top-down and bottom-up mechanisms
Zheng, Chun1,2,3; Wang, Jin-Yan1; Luo, Fei1
AbstractPain-related stimuli can capture attention in an automatic (bottom up) or intentional (top down) fashion. Previous studies have examined attentional capture by pain-related information using spatial attention paradigms that involve mainly a bottom up mechanism. In the current study, we investigated the pain information-induced attentional blink (AB) using a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) task, and compared the effects of task-irrelevant and task-relevant pain distractors. Relationships between accuracy of target identification and individual traits (i.e., empathy and catastrophizing thinking about pain) were also examined. The results demonstrated that task-relevant painful faces had a significant pain information-induced AB effect, whereas taskirrelevant faces showed a near-significant trend of this effect, supporting the notion that pain-related stimuli can influence the temporal dynamics of attention. Furthermore, we found a significant negative correlation between response accuracy and pain catastrophizing score in task-relevant trials. These findings suggest that active scanning of environmental information related to pain produces greater deficits in cognition than does unintentional attention toward pain, which may represent the different ways in which healthy individuals and patients with chronic pain process pain-relevant information. These results may provide insight into the understanding of maladaptive attentional processing in patients with chronic pain.
Keywordattentional blink bottom-up pain RSVP top-down
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WOS IDWOS:000355493300001
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Southwest Univ Nationalities, Dept Psychol, Chengdu, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng, Chun,Wang, Jin-Yan,Luo, Fei. Painful faces-induced attentional blink modulated by top-down and bottom-up mechanisms[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2015,6(0):695.
APA Zheng, Chun,Wang, Jin-Yan,&Luo, Fei.(2015).Painful faces-induced attentional blink modulated by top-down and bottom-up mechanisms.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,6(0),695.
MLA Zheng, Chun,et al."Painful faces-induced attentional blink modulated by top-down and bottom-up mechanisms".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6.0(2015):695.
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