PSYCH OpenIR  > 社会与工程心理学研究室
The estimation of vehicle speed and stopping distance by pedestrians crossing streets in a naturalistic traffic environment
Sun, Rouxian1,3; Zhuang, Xiangling1,3; Wu, Changxu2; Zhao, Guozhen1; Zhang, Kan1
第一作者Sun, Rouxian
2015-04-01
发表期刊TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR
ISSN1369-8478
文章类型Article
卷号30期号:0页码:97-106
Q分类Q2
产权排序2
摘要

The ability to estimate vehicle speed and stopping distance accurately is important for pedestrians to make safe road crossing decisions. In this study, a field experiment in a naturalistic traffic environment was conducted to measure pedestrians' estimation of vehicle speed and stopping distance when they are crossing streets. Forty-four participants (18-45 years old) reported their estimation on 1043 vehicles, and the corresponding actual vehicle speed and stopping distance were recorded. In the speed estimation task, pedestrians' performances change in different actual speed levels and different weather conditions. In sunny conditions, pedestrians tended to underestimate actual vehicle speeds that were higher than 40 km/h but were able to accurately estimate speeds that were lower than 40 km/h. In rainy conditions, pedestrians tended to underestimate actual vehicle speeds that were higher than 45 km/h but were able to accurately estimate speeds ranging from 35 km/h to 45 km/h. In stopping distance estimation task, the accurate estimation interval ranged from 60 km/h to 65 km/h, and pedestrians generally underestimated the stopping distance when vehicles were travelling over 65 km/h. The results show that pedestrians have accurate estimation intervals that vary by weather conditions. When the speed of the oncoming vehicle exceeded the upper bound of the accurate interval, pedestrians were more likely to underestimate the vehicle speed, increasing their risk of incorrectly deciding to cross when it is not safe to do so. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

关键词Pedestrian safety Vehicle speed estimation Stopping distance Street crossing
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000353855000010
引用统计
被引频次:12[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13531
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
通讯作者Wu, Changxu
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
2.SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14228 USA
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Sun, Rouxian,Zhuang, Xiangling,Wu, Changxu,et al. The estimation of vehicle speed and stopping distance by pedestrians crossing streets in a naturalistic traffic environment[J]. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,2015,30(0):97-106.
APA Sun, Rouxian,Zhuang, Xiangling,Wu, Changxu,Zhao, Guozhen,&Zhang, Kan.(2015).The estimation of vehicle speed and stopping distance by pedestrians crossing streets in a naturalistic traffic environment.TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,30(0),97-106.
MLA Sun, Rouxian,et al."The estimation of vehicle speed and stopping distance by pedestrians crossing streets in a naturalistic traffic environment".TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR 30.0(2015):97-106.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
WOS_000353855000010.(488KB)期刊论文出版稿暂不开放CC BY-NC-SA请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Sun, Rouxian]的文章
[Zhuang, Xiangling]的文章
[Wu, Changxu]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Sun, Rouxian]的文章
[Zhuang, Xiangling]的文章
[Wu, Changxu]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Sun, Rouxian]的文章
[Zhuang, Xiangling]的文章
[Wu, Changxu]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。