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Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements
Liu, Z. K.; He, J.; Li, B.
2015-01-02
Source PublicationHIGH ABILITY STUDIES
ISSN1359-8139
SubtypeArticle
Volume26Issue:1Pages:139-152
AbstractFostering and enabling critical and creative thinking of students is considered an important goal, and it is assumed that in particular, talented students have considerable potential for applying such high-level cognitive processes for learning in classrooms. However, Chinese students are often considered as rote learners, and that learning environments at Chinese schools will not allow thinking critically and creatively. The present exploratory study examines these assumptions with students at top-ranking middle schools in mainland China who have been selected for their high achievement scores in the examinations required for acceptance to such schools. Our findings in eight large mathematics classrooms (n =381) strongly suggest that it is possible to acquire knowledge by thinking critically and creatively in these traditionally instructed classes, and that higher achieving students use such processes more intensively than lower achieving students. In addition, the study provides pathways for promoting these high-level cognitive processes for learning in particularly with lower achieving students. Finally, the results indicate that the extracurricular activities that are prescribed to all students at Chinese middle schools should be redesigned to offer more opportunities for critical and creative thinking.
KeywordChinese middle schools learning environment learning processes critical thinking creative thinking higher achieving students
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000359694700001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13662
Collection应用研究版块
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Z. K.,He, J.,Li, B.. Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements[J]. HIGH ABILITY STUDIES,2015,26(1):139-152.
APA Liu, Z. K.,He, J.,&Li, B..(2015).Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements.HIGH ABILITY STUDIES,26(1),139-152.
MLA Liu, Z. K.,et al."Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements".HIGH ABILITY STUDIES 26.1(2015):139-152.
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