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Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements
Liu, Z. K.; He, J.; Li, B.
2015-01-02
发表期刊HIGH ABILITY STUDIES
ISSN1359-8139
文章类型Article
卷号26期号:1页码:139-152
摘要Fostering and enabling critical and creative thinking of students is considered an important goal, and it is assumed that in particular, talented students have considerable potential for applying such high-level cognitive processes for learning in classrooms. However, Chinese students are often considered as rote learners, and that learning environments at Chinese schools will not allow thinking critically and creatively. The present exploratory study examines these assumptions with students at top-ranking middle schools in mainland China who have been selected for their high achievement scores in the examinations required for acceptance to such schools. Our findings in eight large mathematics classrooms (n =381) strongly suggest that it is possible to acquire knowledge by thinking critically and creatively in these traditionally instructed classes, and that higher achieving students use such processes more intensively than lower achieving students. In addition, the study provides pathways for promoting these high-level cognitive processes for learning in particularly with lower achieving students. Finally, the results indicate that the extracurricular activities that are prescribed to all students at Chinese middle schools should be redesigned to offer more opportunities for critical and creative thinking.
关键词Chinese middle schools learning environment learning processes critical thinking creative thinking higher achieving students
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000359694700001
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被引频次:1[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13662
专题应用研究版块
作者单位Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Liu, Z. K.,He, J.,Li, B.. Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements[J]. HIGH ABILITY STUDIES,2015,26(1):139-152.
APA Liu, Z. K.,He, J.,&Li, B..(2015).Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements.HIGH ABILITY STUDIES,26(1),139-152.
MLA Liu, Z. K.,et al."Critical and creative thinking as learning processes at top-ranking Chinese middle schools: possibilities and required improvements".HIGH ABILITY STUDIES 26.1(2015):139-152.
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