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Similar frequency of the McGurk effect in large samples of native Mandarin Chinese and American English speakers
Magnotti, John F.1; Mallick, Debshila Basu2; Feng, Guo3; Zhou, Bin3; Zhou, Wen3; Beauchamp, Michael S.1
2015-09-01
发表期刊EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
ISSN0014-4819
文章类型Article
卷号233期号:9页码:2581-2586
摘要Humans combine visual information from mouth movements with auditory information from the voice to recognize speech. A common method for assessing multisensory speech perception is the McGurk effect: When presented with particular pairings of incongruent auditory and visual speech syllables (e.g., the auditory speech sounds for "ba" dubbed onto the visual mouth movements for "ga"), individuals perceive a third syllable, distinct from the auditory and visual components. Chinese and American cultures differ in the prevalence of direct facial gaze and in the auditory structure of their languages, raising the possibility of cultural- and language-related group differences in the McGurk effect. There is no consensus in the literature about the existence of these group differences, with some studies reporting less McGurk effect in native Mandarin Chinese speakers than in English speakers and others reporting no difference. However, these studies sampled small numbers of participants tested with a small number of stimuli. Therefore, we collected data on the McGurk effect from large samples of Mandarin-speaking individuals from China and English-speaking individuals from the USA (total n = 307) viewing nine different stimuli. Averaged across participants and stimuli, we found similar frequencies of the McGurk effect between Chinese and American participants (48 vs. 44 %). In both groups, we observed a large range of frequencies both across participants (range from 0 to 100 %) and stimuli (15 to 83 %) with the main effect of culture and language accounting for only 0.3 % of the variance in the data. High individual variability in perception of the McGurk effect necessitates the use of large sample sizes to accurately estimate group differences.
关键词McGurk effect Cultural differences Audiovisual speech Multisensory integration
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000359649500009
引用统计
被引频次:6[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13664
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Baylor Coll Med, Dept Neurosurg, Houston, TX 77030 USA
2.Rice Univ, Dept Psychol, Houston, TX 77251 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Magnotti, John F.,Mallick, Debshila Basu,Feng, Guo,et al. Similar frequency of the McGurk effect in large samples of native Mandarin Chinese and American English speakers[J]. EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH,2015,233(9):2581-2586.
APA Magnotti, John F.,Mallick, Debshila Basu,Feng, Guo,Zhou, Bin,Zhou, Wen,&Beauchamp, Michael S..(2015).Similar frequency of the McGurk effect in large samples of native Mandarin Chinese and American English speakers.EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH,233(9),2581-2586.
MLA Magnotti, John F.,et al."Similar frequency of the McGurk effect in large samples of native Mandarin Chinese and American English speakers".EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH 233.9(2015):2581-2586.
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