Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory
Wang, Bo1,2; Fu, Xiaolan1
2010-05-01
发表期刊NEUROBIOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MEMORY
ISSN1074-7427
文章类型Article
卷号93期号:4页码:572-580
摘要item memory and source memory are two integral elements of episodic memory. Although many studies have examined the effect of emotion on item memory, little research has simultaneously taken into account item memory and source memory. In addition, in the majority of previous studies, learning stimuli are used as the source of emotion, making it difficult to understand whether emotion has an effect on encoding or on consolidation of episodic memory. Furthermore, although gender differences exist in neurophysiological responses to emotional stimuli, in many studies gender differences were neglected and this leaves the picture incomplete regarding the effect of emotion on episodic memory. In this study, we examined gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory. Participants learned neutral Chinese nouns, took a memory pretest, and were then randomly assigned to three conditions, in which they either watched a 3-min negative video clip, or watched a 3-min positive video clip, or remained calm and relaxed for 3 min. Thirty minutes after the initial learning, participants took a memory posttest. We found that: (1) For females, post-learning negative emotion enhanced consolidation of item memory: however, neither negative emotion nor positive emotion had a significant effect on consolidation of source memory: (2) For males, neither negative nor positive emotion after learning had a significant effect on either item memory or source memory. Possible reasons for the gender differences, as well as the theoretical significance and practical implications of this study were discussed. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词Gender differences Post-learning emotion Item memory Source memory Consolidation
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000277778700015
引用统计
被引频次:14[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13744
专题中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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Wang, Bo,Fu, Xiaolan. Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory[J]. NEUROBIOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MEMORY,2010,93(4):572-580.
APA Wang, Bo,&Fu, Xiaolan.(2010).Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory.NEUROBIOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MEMORY,93(4),572-580.
MLA Wang, Bo,et al."Gender differences in the effects of post-learning emotion on consolidation of item memory and source memory".NEUROBIOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MEMORY 93.4(2010):572-580.
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