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Meditation promotes insightful problem-solving by keeping people in a mindful and alert conscious state
Ren Jun1; Huang ZhiHui1; Luo Jing2; Wei GaoXia2; Ying XiaoPing3; Ding ZhiGuang4; Wu YiBin5; Luo Fei2; Ren, J
第一作者Ren Jun
2011-10-01
发表期刊SCIENCE CHINA-LIFE SCIENCES
通讯作者邮箱renj@zjnu.cn
ISSN1674-7305
文章类型Article
卷号54期号:10页码:961-965
Q分类Q1
产权排序2
摘要

Although previous studies have shown that sleep can inspire insight, it is still unclear whether meditation can promote insight. Meditation differs from other types of passive rest such as relaxation and sleep because it requires full consciousness and mindfulness of targets such as one's breathing. Forty-eight university students without meditation experience were recruited to learn a simple meditation technique. They were given a list of 10 insight problems to solve (the pre-test session). In this study, we focused on the unsolved problems and examined if they could be successfully solved after a 20 min rest interval with or without meditation. Results showed that relative to the control group that listened to Chinese or English words and made a language judgment, the groups who learned meditation successfully solved significantly more failed problems from the pre-test session, providing direct evidence for the role of meditation in promoting insight. Further analysis showed that maintaining a mindful and alert state during meditation (raising a hand to report every 10 deep breaths compared to every 100 deep breaths) resulted in more insight regarding the failed items from the pre-test session. This implies that it was watchfulness in meditation, rather than relaxation, that actually contributed to insight. Consistently, in the meditation session or control task, the percentage of alpha waves-a brain index of mental relaxation-was negatively correlated with insight. These results suggest a meditation-based insight-promoting mechanism different from that involved in passive rest such as relaxation and sleep.

关键词meditation insight problem solving
DOI10.1007/s11427-011-4233-3
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000298196100010
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/13789
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Ren, J
作者单位1.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Coll Educ, Jinhua 321004, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Social Sci, Inst Sociol, Beijing 100026, Peoples R China
4.Hebei Med Univ, Dept Social Sci, Shijiazhuang 050015, Peoples R China
5.Beijing Easy Monitor Technol Co Ltd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Ren Jun,Huang ZhiHui,Luo Jing,et al. Meditation promotes insightful problem-solving by keeping people in a mindful and alert conscious state[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-LIFE SCIENCES,2011,54(10):961-965.
APA Ren Jun.,Huang ZhiHui.,Luo Jing.,Wei GaoXia.,Ying XiaoPing.,...&Ren, J.(2011).Meditation promotes insightful problem-solving by keeping people in a mindful and alert conscious state.SCIENCE CHINA-LIFE SCIENCES,54(10),961-965.
MLA Ren Jun,et al."Meditation promotes insightful problem-solving by keeping people in a mindful and alert conscious state".SCIENCE CHINA-LIFE SCIENCES 54.10(2011):961-965.
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