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Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors
Xu, Yaoshan1,2; Li, Yongjuan1; Wang, Guangxi1; Yuan, Xiao1,2; Ding, Weidong3; Shen, Zhongxiang3
AbstractSafety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordSafety Behavior Attentional Bias Implicit Cognition Safety Climate Safety Motivation
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WOS IDWOS:000340304000017
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Res Inst Nucl Power Operat China, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Yaoshan,Li, Yongjuan,Wang, Guangxi,et al. Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors[J]. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,2014,71(0):144-153.
APA Xu, Yaoshan,Li, Yongjuan,Wang, Guangxi,Yuan, Xiao,Ding, Weidong,&Shen, Zhongxiang.(2014).Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION,71(0),144-153.
MLA Xu, Yaoshan,et al."Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors".ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION 71.0(2014):144-153.
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