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Implicit Self-Esteem Decreases in Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study
Cai, Huajian1; Wu, Mingzheng2; Luo, Yu L. L.1; Yang, Jing1
2014-02-25
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume9Issue:2Pages:1-6
AbstractImplicit self-esteem has remained an active research topic in both the areas of implicit social cognition and self-esteem in recent decades. The purpose of this study is to explore the development of implicit self-esteem in adolescents. A total of 599 adolescents from junior and senior high schools in East China participated in the study. They ranged in age from 11 to 18 years with a mean age of 14.10 (SD = 2.16). The degree of implicit self-esteem was assessed using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) with the improved D score as the index. Participants also completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (alpha = 0.77). For all surveyed ages, implicit self-esteem was positively biased, all ts > 8.59, all ps < 0.001. The simple correlation between implicit self-esteem and age was significant, r = -.25, p = 1.0 x 10(-10). A regression with implicit self-esteem as the criterion variable, and age, gender, and age 6 gender interaction as predictors further revealed the significant negative linear relationship between age and implicit self-esteem, beta = -0.19, t = -3.20, p = 0.001. However, explicit self-esteem manifested a reverse "U'' shape throughout adolescence. Implicit self-esteem in adolescence manifests a declining trend with increasing age, suggesting that it is sensitive to developmental or age-related changes. This finding enriches our understanding of the development of implicit social cognition.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000332385900106
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14124
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Zhejiang Univ, Dept Psychol, Hangzhou 310003, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Huajian,Wu, Mingzheng,Luo, Yu L. L.,et al. Implicit Self-Esteem Decreases in Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study[J]. PLOS ONE,2014,9(2):1-6.
APA Cai, Huajian,Wu, Mingzheng,Luo, Yu L. L.,&Yang, Jing.(2014).Implicit Self-Esteem Decreases in Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study.PLOS ONE,9(2),1-6.
MLA Cai, Huajian,et al."Implicit Self-Esteem Decreases in Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study".PLOS ONE 9.2(2014):1-6.
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