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The effect of discourse structure on depth of semantic integration in reading
Yang, Xiaohong1; Chen, Lijing2; Yang, Yufang1
2014-02-01
发表期刊MEMORY & COGNITION
ISSN0090-502X
文章类型Article
卷号42期号:2页码:325-339
摘要A coherent discourse exhibits certain structures in that subunits of discourses are related to one another in various ways and in that subunits that contribute to the same discourse purpose are joined to create a larger unit so as to produce an effect on the reader. To date, this crucial aspect of discourse has been largely neglected in the psycholinguistic literature. In two experiments, we examined whether semantic integration in discourse context was influenced by the difference of discourse structure. Readers read discourses in which the last sentence was locally congruent but either semantically congruent or incongruent when interpreted with the preceding sentence. Furthermore, the last sentence was either in the same discourse unit or not in the same discourse unit as the preceding sentence, depending on whether they shared the same discourse purpose. Results from self-paced reading (Experiment 1) and eye tracking (Experiment 2) showed that discourse-incongruous words were read longer than discourse-congruous words only when the critical sentence and the preceding sentence were in the same discourse unit, but not when they belonged to different discourse units. These results establish discourse structure as a new factor in semantic integration and suggest that discourse effects depend both on the content of what is being said and on the way that the contents are organized.
关键词Semantic integration Discourse structure Within-unit structure Between-unit structure
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000331102800012
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14127
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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Yang, Xiaohong,Chen, Lijing,Yang, Yufang. The effect of discourse structure on depth of semantic integration in reading[J]. MEMORY & COGNITION,2014,42(2):325-339.
APA Yang, Xiaohong,Chen, Lijing,&Yang, Yufang.(2014).The effect of discourse structure on depth of semantic integration in reading.MEMORY & COGNITION,42(2),325-339.
MLA Yang, Xiaohong,et al."The effect of discourse structure on depth of semantic integration in reading".MEMORY & COGNITION 42.2(2014):325-339.
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