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Cerebellum engages in automation of verb-generation skill
Yang, Zhi1,2; Wu, Paula2; Weng, Xuchu3; Bandettini, Peter A.2
AbstractNumerous studies have shown cerebellar involvement in item-specific association, a form of explicit learning. However, very few have demonstrated cerebellar participation in automation of non-motor cognitive tasks. Applying fMRI to a repeated verb-generation task, we sought to distinguish cerebellar involvement in learning of item-specific noun-verb association and automation of verb generation skill. The same set of nouns was repeated in six verb-generation blocks so that subjects practiced generating verbs for the nouns. The practice was followed by a novel block with a different set of nouns. The cerebellar vermis (IV/ V) and the right cerebellar lobule VI showed decreased activation following practice; activation in the right cerebellar Crus I was significantly lower in the novel challenge than in the initial verb-generation task. Furthermore, activation in this region during well-practiced blocks strongly correlated with improvement of behavioral performance in both the well-practiced and the novel blocks, suggesting its role in the learning of general mental skills not specific to the practiced noun-verb pairs. Therefore, the cerebellum processes both explicit verbal associative learning and automation of cognitive tasks. Different cerebellar regions predominate in this processing: lobule VI during the acquisition of item-specific association, and Crus I during automation of verb-generation skills through practice.
KeywordCerebellum functional MRI verb generation skill learning
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WOS IDWOS:000334692000001
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.NIMH, Sect Funct Imaging Methods, Lab Brain & Cognit, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
3.Hangzhou Normal Univ, Ctr Cognit & Brain Disorders, Hangzhou 310015, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Behavioral Science, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Zhi,Wu, Paula,Weng, Xuchu,et al. Cerebellum engages in automation of verb-generation skill[J]. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE NEUROSCIENCE,2014,13(1):1-17.
APA Yang, Zhi,Wu, Paula,Weng, Xuchu,&Bandettini, Peter A..(2014).Cerebellum engages in automation of verb-generation skill.JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE NEUROSCIENCE,13(1),1-17.
MLA Yang, Zhi,et al."Cerebellum engages in automation of verb-generation skill".JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE NEUROSCIENCE 13.1(2014):1-17.
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