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An analysis of flight Quick Access Recorder (QAR) data and its applications in preventing landing incidents
Wang, Lei1,3,4; Wu, Changxu2; Sun, Ruishan4
2014-07-01
发表期刊RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY
ISSN0951-8320
文章类型Article
卷号127期号:0页码:86-96
摘要A long landing is one type of flight incident that will multiply the risk of a runway excursion. It occurs frequently but receives little attention in research due to difficulty in obtaining the real flight data. The aim of this paper is to discover key flight parameter features of long landing incidents by analyzing Quick Access Recorder (QAR) data and put forward prevention measures from the perspective of pilot operation at the same time. First, 73 flight performance parameter variables and 4 operation parameter variables were defined, covering major landing stages from 1500 ft to touchdown. Then 128 cases of selected QAR data were divided into two groups according to the threshold of identifying normal and long landing. Second, each flight parameter variable of these 128 flights was compared between groups and then the logistic and linear regression models were developed respectively to further examine the links between touchdown distance and these flight parameter variables. Third, potential flight operation causing performance difference of long landing incidents was also analyzed. Finally results indicate that the period of 200 ft to touchdown is the key stage of landing and flare is the most critical operation affecting touchdown distance. It is suggested that the pilot should inspect the ratio of descent rate and groundspeed carefully at the height of 50 ft and pilot's faster and steady pulling up columns is probably helpful for an excellent flare and landing. The findings are expected to be applied into flight operation practice for further preventing long landing incidents and even the runway excursion accidents. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词Long Landing Quick Access Recorder (Qar) Data Human Reliability Flight Operation Flight Safety Incident
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000336710400009
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被引频次:9[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14180
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260 USA
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Civil Aviat Univ China, Tianjin 300300, Peoples R China
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Wang, Lei,Wu, Changxu,Sun, Ruishan. An analysis of flight Quick Access Recorder (QAR) data and its applications in preventing landing incidents[J]. RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY,2014,127(0):86-96.
APA Wang, Lei,Wu, Changxu,&Sun, Ruishan.(2014).An analysis of flight Quick Access Recorder (QAR) data and its applications in preventing landing incidents.RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY,127(0),86-96.
MLA Wang, Lei,et al."An analysis of flight Quick Access Recorder (QAR) data and its applications in preventing landing incidents".RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY 127.0(2014):86-96.
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