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Benefit of enactment over oral repetition of verbal instruction does not require additional working memory during encoding
Yang, Tianxiao1,2; Gathercole, Susan E.3; Allen, Richard J.4
2014-02-01
发表期刊PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW
ISSN1069-9384
文章类型Article
卷号21期号:1页码:186-192
摘要For this research, we used a dual-task approach to investigate the involvement of working memory in following written instructions. In two experiments, participants read instructions to perform a series of actions on objects and then recalled the instructions either by spoken repetition or performance of the action sequence. Participants engaged in concurrent articulatory suppression, backward-counting, and spatial-tapping tasks during the presentation of the instructions, in order to disrupt the phonological-loop, central-executive, and visuospatial-sketchpad components of working memory, respectively. Recall accuracy was substantially disrupted by all three concurrent tasks, indicating that encoding and retaining verbal instructions depends on multiple components of working memory. The accuracy of recalling the instructions was greater when the actions were performed than when the instructions were repeated, and this advantage was unaffected by the concurrent tasks, suggesting that the benefit of enactment over oral repetition does not cost additional working memory resources.
关键词Working memory Enactment Following instructions
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000330618900020
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14198
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
作者单位1.Univ York, Dept Psychol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.MRC Cognit & Brain Sci Unit, Cambridge, England
4.Univ Leeds, Inst Psychol Sci, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England
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Yang, Tianxiao,Gathercole, Susan E.,Allen, Richard J.. Benefit of enactment over oral repetition of verbal instruction does not require additional working memory during encoding[J]. PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW,2014,21(1):186-192.
APA Yang, Tianxiao,Gathercole, Susan E.,&Allen, Richard J..(2014).Benefit of enactment over oral repetition of verbal instruction does not require additional working memory during encoding.PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW,21(1),186-192.
MLA Yang, Tianxiao,et al."Benefit of enactment over oral repetition of verbal instruction does not require additional working memory during encoding".PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW 21.1(2014):186-192.
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