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Mind Wandering, Sleep Quality, Affect and Chronotype: An Exploratory Study
Carciofo, Richard1,2; Du, Feng1; Song, Nan3; Zhang, Kan1
2014-03-07
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume9Issue:3Pages:1-17
AbstractPoor sleep quality impairs cognition, including executive functions and concentration, but there has been little direct research on the relationships between sleep quality and mind wandering or daydreaming. Evening chronotype is associated with poor sleep quality, more mind wandering and more daydreaming; negative affect is also a mutual correlate. This exploratory study investigated how mind wandering and daydreaming are related to different aspects of sleep quality, and whether sleep quality influences the relationships between mind wandering/daydreaming and negative affect, and mind wandering/daydreaming and chronotype. Three surveys (Ns = 213; 190; 270) were completed with Chinese adults aged 1850, including measures of sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, mind wandering, daydreaming, chronotype and affect (positive and negative). Higher frequencies of mind wandering and daydreaming were associated with poorer sleep quality, in particular with poor subjective sleep quality and increased sleep latency, night-time disturbance, daytime dysfunction and daytime sleepiness. Poor sleep quality was found to partially mediate the relationships between daydreaming and negative affect, and mind wandering and negative affect. Additionally, low positive affect and poor sleep quality, in conjunction, fully mediated the relationships between chronotype and mind wandering, and chronotype and daydreaming. The relationships between mind wandering/daydreaming and positive affect were also moderated by chronotype, being weaker in those with a morning preference. Finally, while daytime sleepiness was positively correlated with daydream frequency, it was negatively correlated with a measure of problem-solving daydreams, indicating that more refined distinctions between different forms of daydreaming or mind wandering are warranted. Overall, the evidence is suggestive of a bi-directional relationship between poor sleep quality and mind wandering/daydreaming, which may be important in attempts to deal with sleep problems and improve sleep quality. These findings and further research on this topic may also have implications for definitions and theories of mind wandering and daydreaming.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000332485800122
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14209
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Coll Humanities & Social Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Foreign Studies Univ, Training Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Carciofo, Richard,Du, Feng,Song, Nan,et al. Mind Wandering, Sleep Quality, Affect and Chronotype: An Exploratory Study[J]. PLOS ONE,2014,9(3):1-17.
APA Carciofo, Richard,Du, Feng,Song, Nan,&Zhang, Kan.(2014).Mind Wandering, Sleep Quality, Affect and Chronotype: An Exploratory Study.PLOS ONE,9(3),1-17.
MLA Carciofo, Richard,et al."Mind Wandering, Sleep Quality, Affect and Chronotype: An Exploratory Study".PLOS ONE 9.3(2014):1-17.
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