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Drivers' and non-drivers' performance in a change detection task with static driving scenes: is there a benefit of experience?
Zhao, Nan1,2; Chen, Wenfeng1; Xuan, Yuming1; Mehler, Bruce3,4; Reimer, Bryan3,4; Fu, Xiaolan1
2014-07-01
发表期刊ERGONOMICS
ISSN0014-0139
文章类型Article
卷号57期号:7页码:998-1007
摘要The 'looked-but-failed-to-see' phenomenon is crucial to driving safety. Previous research utilising change detection tasks related to driving has reported inconsistent effects of driver experience on the ability to detect changes in static driving scenes. Reviewing these conflicting results, we suggest that drivers' increased ability to detect changes will only appear when the task requires a pattern of visual attention distribution typical of actual driving. By adding a distant fixation point on the road image, we developed a modified change blindness paradigm and measured detection performance of drivers and non-drivers. Drivers performed better than non-drivers only in scenes with a fixation point. Furthermore, experience effect interacted with the location of the change and the relevance of the change to driving. These results suggest that learning associated with driving experience reflects increased skill in the efficient distribution of visual attention across both the central focus area and peripheral objects.
关键词Driving Experience Change Blindness Change Detection Visual Attention Distribution Driving Scenes
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000337962100004
引用统计
被引频次:5[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14219
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.MIT, AgeLab, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
4.Univ New England, Transportat Ctr, Cambridge, MA USA
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Zhao, Nan,Chen, Wenfeng,Xuan, Yuming,et al. Drivers' and non-drivers' performance in a change detection task with static driving scenes: is there a benefit of experience?[J]. ERGONOMICS,2014,57(7):998-1007.
APA Zhao, Nan,Chen, Wenfeng,Xuan, Yuming,Mehler, Bruce,Reimer, Bryan,&Fu, Xiaolan.(2014).Drivers' and non-drivers' performance in a change detection task with static driving scenes: is there a benefit of experience?.ERGONOMICS,57(7),998-1007.
MLA Zhao, Nan,et al."Drivers' and non-drivers' performance in a change detection task with static driving scenes: is there a benefit of experience?".ERGONOMICS 57.7(2014):998-1007.
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