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Reading Is Fundamentally Similar Across Disparate Writing Systems: A Systematic Characterization of How Words and Characters Influence Eye Movements in Chinese Reading
Li, Xingshan1; Bicknell, Klinton2; Liu, Pingping1; Wei, Wei1; Rayner, Keith2
2014-04-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL
ISSN0096-3445
文章类型Article
卷号143期号:2页码:895-913
摘要While much previous work on reading in languages with alphabetic scripts has suggested that reading is word-based, reading in Chinese has been argued to be less reliant on words. This is primarily because in the Chinese writing system words are not spatially segmented, and characters are themselves complex visual objects. Here, we present a systematic characterization of the effects of a wide range of word and character properties on eye movements in Chinese reading, using a set of mixed-effects regression models. The results reveal a rich pattern of effects of the properties of the current, previous, and next words on a range of reading measures, which is strikingly similar to the pattern of effects of word properties reported in spaced alphabetic languages. This finding provides evidence that reading shares a word-based core and may be fundamentally similar across languages with highly dissimilar scripts. We show that these findings are robust to the inclusion of character properties in the regression models and are equally reliable when dependent measures are defined in terms of characters rather than words, providing strong evidence that word properties have effects in Chinese reading above and beyond characters. This systematic characterization of the effects of word and character properties in Chinese advances our knowledge of the processes underlying reading and informs the future development of models of reading. More generally, however, this work suggests that differences in script may not alter the fundamental nature of reading.
关键词Chinese reading eye movements mixed-effects regression
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000349768000033
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被引频次:27[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14248
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Calif San Diego, Dept Psychol, San Diego, CA 92103 USA
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GB/T 7714
Li, Xingshan,Bicknell, Klinton,Liu, Pingping,et al. Reading Is Fundamentally Similar Across Disparate Writing Systems: A Systematic Characterization of How Words and Characters Influence Eye Movements in Chinese Reading[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL,2014,143(2):895-913.
APA Li, Xingshan,Bicknell, Klinton,Liu, Pingping,Wei, Wei,&Rayner, Keith.(2014).Reading Is Fundamentally Similar Across Disparate Writing Systems: A Systematic Characterization of How Words and Characters Influence Eye Movements in Chinese Reading.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL,143(2),895-913.
MLA Li, Xingshan,et al."Reading Is Fundamentally Similar Across Disparate Writing Systems: A Systematic Characterization of How Words and Characters Influence Eye Movements in Chinese Reading".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL 143.2(2014):895-913.
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