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Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control
Xu, Yaoshan1,2; Li, Yongjuan1; Ding, Weidong3; Lu, Fan3
2014-02-10
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型Article
卷号9期号:2页码:e87881
摘要This study explores the precursors of employees' safety behaviors based on a dual-process model, which suggests that human behaviors are determined by both controlled and automatic cognitive processes. Employees' responses to a self-reported survey on safety attitudes capture their controlled cognitive process, while the automatic association concerning safety measured by an Implicit Association Test (IAT) reflects employees' automatic cognitive processes about safety. In addition, this study investigates the moderating effects of inhibition on the relationship between self-reported safety attitude and safety behavior, and that between automatic associations towards safety and safety behavior. The results suggest significant main effects of self-reported safety attitude and automatic association on safety behaviors. Further, the interaction between self-reported safety attitude and inhibition and that between automatic association and inhibition each predict unique variances in safety behavior. Specifically, the safety behaviors of employees with lower level of inhibitory control are influenced more by automatic association, whereas those of employees with higher level of inhibitory control are guided more by self-reported safety attitudes. These results suggest that safety behavior is the joint outcome of both controlled and automatic cognitive processes, and the relative importance of these cognitive processes depends on employees' individual differences in inhibitory control. The implications of these findings for theoretical and practical issues are discussed at the end.
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000331254600029
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被引频次:6[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14255
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Res Inst Nucl Power Operat China, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
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Xu, Yaoshan,Li, Yongjuan,Ding, Weidong,et al. Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control[J]. PLOS ONE,2014,9(2):e87881.
APA Xu, Yaoshan,Li, Yongjuan,Ding, Weidong,&Lu, Fan.(2014).Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control.PLOS ONE,9(2),e87881.
MLA Xu, Yaoshan,et al."Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control".PLOS ONE 9.2(2014):e87881.
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