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Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control
Xu, Yaoshan1,2; Li, Yongjuan1; Ding, Weidong3; Lu, Fan3
2014-02-10
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume9Issue:2Pages:e87881
AbstractThis study explores the precursors of employees' safety behaviors based on a dual-process model, which suggests that human behaviors are determined by both controlled and automatic cognitive processes. Employees' responses to a self-reported survey on safety attitudes capture their controlled cognitive process, while the automatic association concerning safety measured by an Implicit Association Test (IAT) reflects employees' automatic cognitive processes about safety. In addition, this study investigates the moderating effects of inhibition on the relationship between self-reported safety attitude and safety behavior, and that between automatic associations towards safety and safety behavior. The results suggest significant main effects of self-reported safety attitude and automatic association on safety behaviors. Further, the interaction between self-reported safety attitude and inhibition and that between automatic association and inhibition each predict unique variances in safety behavior. Specifically, the safety behaviors of employees with lower level of inhibitory control are influenced more by automatic association, whereas those of employees with higher level of inhibitory control are guided more by self-reported safety attitudes. These results suggest that safety behavior is the joint outcome of both controlled and automatic cognitive processes, and the relative importance of these cognitive processes depends on employees' individual differences in inhibitory control. The implications of these findings for theoretical and practical issues are discussed at the end.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000331254600029
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14255
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Res Inst Nucl Power Operat China, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Yaoshan,Li, Yongjuan,Ding, Weidong,et al. Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control[J]. PLOS ONE,2014,9(2):e87881.
APA Xu, Yaoshan,Li, Yongjuan,Ding, Weidong,&Lu, Fan.(2014).Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control.PLOS ONE,9(2),e87881.
MLA Xu, Yaoshan,et al."Controlled versus Automatic Processes: Which Is Dominant to Safety? The Moderating Effect of Inhibitory Control".PLOS ONE 9.2(2014):e87881.
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